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Registration Number S904.5
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Overseas Chinese
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Late 19th century
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Domestic
CH classification MEDICINE Pharmacy phial
Name or Title Phial - Medicine
Production Place China
Production Date Late 19th Century
History and Use

This small glass bottle was manufactured in the mid-late 19th century and was recovered from archaeological excavations at the Cairns Chinatown in the early 2000s. Although these bottles are frequently referred to as 'opium bottles', they were actually used by Chinese herbalists to dispense single-dose remedies. This type of object is frequently found at overseas Chinese sites.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Country Australia
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Registration Number S904.287
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Overseas Chinese
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Domestic
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Late 19th century
CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Bottle wine bottle
Name or Title Bottle - Rice Wine
Production Place China
Production Date Late 19th Century
History and Use

This ceramic rice wine bottle was manufactured in China in the mid-late 19th century and was recovered from archaeological excavations at the Cairns' Chinatown in the early 2000s. The bottle is almost complete, but is missing the fluted lip that would have expanded from its narrow neck. These vessels are often referred to as 'brownware', a category of dark-brown glazed ceramic bottles, jars and other foodstuff containers that are characteristic of overseas Chinese sites.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Country Australia
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Registration Number S904.342
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Overseas Chinese
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Late 19th century
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Domestic
CH classification DOMESTIC EQUIPMENT Food & Drink Consumption Crockery cup
Name or Title Cup - Tea or Rice Wine
Production Place China
Production Date Late 19th Century
History and Use

This small cup was manufactured in China in the mid-late 19th century and was recovered from archaeological excavations at the Cairns Chinatown in the early 2000s. Used for drinking rice wine, or perhaps tea, this porcelain vessel is decorated with green celadon glaze which was highly popular through the 19th and into the 20th century. This type and style of vessel is common at overseas Chinese sites.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Country Australia
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Registration Number S904.363
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Overseas Chinese
CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Jar food jar
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Late 19th century
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Domestic
Name or Title Jar - Food Storage
Production Place China
Production Date Late 19th Century
History and Use

This ceramic food storage jar was manufactured in China in the late 19th century and was recovered from archaeological excavations at the Cairns' Chinatown in the early 2000s. This type and shape of jar is commonly found at overseas Chinese sites. This is an usual example, however, in that its bright green glaze is far more decorative than the dark brown colour usually used for storage containers.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Country Australia
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Registration Number S904.470
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Overseas Chinese
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Late 19th century
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Historical archaeology Domestic
CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Bottle sauce bottle
Name or Title Bottle - Soy Sauce
Production Place China
Production Date Late 19th Century
History and Use

This ceramic soy sauce bottle was manufactured in the mid-late 19th century and was recovered from archaeological excavations at the Cairns Chinatown in the early 2000s. These vessels are often referred to as 'brownware', a category of dark-brown glazed ceramic bottles, jars and other foodstuff containers that are characteristic of overseas Chinese sites.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Country Australia
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Registration Number S919.2
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander point - unifacial
Name or Title Point
History and Use

Points served many functions. Applied to spears they were used as weapons, but when held in the hand and not hafted they could be used as drills, piercers and engraving tools. It can be difficult to ascertain the specific use of a point without detailed analysis with a microscope or residue analysis testing. Sometimes resin stains can be seen on the proximal end of the point, thus inferring hafting of some sort. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Cloncurry, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S925.7
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander point - unifacial
Name or Title Point
History and Use

Points served many functions. Applied to the ends of spears they were used as weapons, but when held in the hand and not hafted they could be used as drills, Knives, piercers, and engraving tools. It can be difficult to ascertain the specific use of a point without detailed analysis under a microscope or residue analysis testing. Sometimes resin stains can be seen on the proximal end of the point, thus inferring hafting of some sort. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Mt. Isa, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S918.3
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tula
Name or Title Tula
History and Use

Tulas are the stone component of the composite tool, the Tula Adze. Tulas are found largely within central Australia, and extend into the western part of Queensland. Tula adzes were used to shape wood and sometimes to deflesh bone and hide.This example was collected from a surface scatter in Cloncurry, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S925.11
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander point - unifacial
Name or Title Microlith
History and Use

Microliths (small stone flakes) have often been regarded as 'waste' or 'debitage' from the manufacture of larger stone tools, but they could also be used as tools themselves. The use of small flakes is well documented. In many parts of Queensland small flakes of stone were used to make barbed spears, while in other areas small, sharp flakes were used for scarification of the body. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Mt. Isa, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S924.1
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander axe head - edge ground
Name or Title Axe
History and Use

Axes were primarily used for tool manufacture and food procurement (e.g. cutting out a bee hive from a tree), only rarely as weapons. Edge-ground axes have been found in deposits dating to around 30-40,000 BP but most are less than 10,000 years old. This example was collected from a surface scatter at the Leichhardt River, near Mt. Isa, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S929.19
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander microlith
Name or Title Microlith
History and Use

Microliths (small stone flakes) have often been regarded as 'waste' or 'debitage' from the manufacture of larger tools, but they could also be used as tools themselves. The use of small flakes is well documented. In many parts of Queensland small flakes of stone were used to make barbed spears, while in other areas small, sharp flakes were used for scarification of the body. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Cloncurry, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S930.10
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander blade
Name or Title Blade
History and Use

Blades are most easily identified as having been produced from flakes, and having (mostly) straight parallel lateral margins that are at least twice as long as the edges of the truncated proximal and distal margins. There are many types of blades, some of which were widely traded. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Cloncurry, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S929.11
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander core
Name or Title Core
History and Use

Cores are the raw material from which flakes are struck to make into tools. Cores vary in size and mineral content, and can themselves be shaped into tools known as 'core tools' or 'nuclear tools'. These are often heavy chopping type implements. This example was collected from a surface scatter in Cloncurry, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number S925.12
Classification CH classification INDIGENOUS CULTURES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tula
Name or Title Tula
History and Use

Tulas are the stone blade component of the composite tool, the Tula Adze. Tulas are found largely within central Australia, and extend into the western part of Queensland. Tula adzes were used to shape wood and sometimes to deflesh bone and hide. Some tulas also served a ceremonial function. This example was collected from a surface scatter at Mt. Isa, Queensland, by John Mathew, a surveyor for a mining company.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number E40029.2
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, frog
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

These blue-green glazed faience amulets, in the form of squatting frogs, were excavated from Deir el- bahri, near Thebes, Egypt.

The deity most commonly associated with the frog was Heket. To the ancient Egyptians, the frog was a symbol of fertility, creation and regeneration. Frog amulets were sometimes included in the wrappings of mummies, or carried as talismans.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E40029.3
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, frog
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

These blue-green glazed faience amulets, in the form of squatting frogs, were excavated from Deir el- bahri, near Thebes, Egypt.

The deity most commonly associated with the frog was Heket. To the ancient Egyptians, the frog was a symbol of fertility, creation and regeneration. Frog amulets were sometimes included in the wrappings of mummies, or carried as talismans.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E40029.4
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, frog
History and Use

These blue-green glazed faience amulets, in the form of squatting frogs, were excavated from Deir el- bahri, near Thebes, Egypt.

The deity most commonly associated with the frog was Heket. To the ancient Egyptians, the frog was a symbol of fertility, creation and regeneration. Frog amulets were sometimes included in the wrappings of mummies, or carried as talismans.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E40050.2
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian figure
Name or Title Shabti
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

Shabtis (Egyptian ushabti), are funerary figurines, usually mummiform in appearance, which developed during the Middle Kingdom. They were buried with a person, standing in place of the deceased and their servants. They were intended to free the deceased from the necessity of labour in the afterlife, which was required for the deceased to produce their own food.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E40050.3
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian figure
Name or Title Figurine, Shabti
Production Place Egypt
Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E40043
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian
Name or Title Potsherd, Ostracon
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

Ostracon is a term used by archaeologists to refer to sherds of pottery or fragments of limestone, which bear text or drawings. Ancient Egyptians wrote personal notes, letters, sketches or texts on these broken pottery sherds, which provided a cheaper and more durable alternative to papyrus. This ostracon was found at Elephantine Island and donated to the Museum in 1913.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E6109.1
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, figure, Thoth
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

This object was donated to the Museum in 1904, and was collected from Deir el-Bahri, Thebes, Egypt and likely dates to the Late Period (c 747-332 BC).

This figurine may be an amulet of Thoth, the ancient Egyptian god of writing and knowledge, who was depicted in two forms: as a baboon, and as the sacred Ibis. The Ibis-headed god of wisdom and scribes, Thoth was crucial to the creation of tomb texts and papyri and therefore in the immortalisation of a tomb owner and their family. It is possible the long curved beak of the Ibis was identified with the reed pen.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E6109.2
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, figure, unknown
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

Amulets are small charms favoured by the Egyptians. They offered protection, and may have provided the wearer with special qualities.

Ancient Egyptians regarded a number of animals to be sacred living manifestations of various gods.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E6109.5
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Egyptian faience bead
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

Faience, a white ceramic material mostly composed of crushed quartz, was known from the Predynastic period, and widely used thereafter.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E6109.6
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Egyptian faience bead
Production Place Egypt
History and Use

Faience, a white ceramic material mostly composed of crushed quartz, was known from the Predynastic period, and widely used thereafter.

Country Egypt
Egypt
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Registration Number E6109.4
Classification CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian amulet
Name or Title Amulet, Scarab Beetle
Production Place Egypt
Country Egypt
Egypt
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The Queensland Museum collection Online is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added regularly.


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