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Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Invitations
CH classification DOCUMENTS Cards invitation
Name or Title H49625 - Flood Party Invitation
Production Place Ipswich/South East/Queensland/Australia
Production Date 2011
History and Use

This party invitation was made by two flood affected neighbours who lived in Riverview after the clean-up phase of the Queensland floods 2010-2011. After the flood waters receded, a large group of volunteers assisted them in cleaning up their homes and helped them gain normality back in their lives. The two neighbours were sincerely grateful for the help and decided to host a party to say thank you to all those who volunteered and offered assistance. They made up these invites and included a printed personal message which displayed their words of thanks to the many ways in which total strangers helped them gain normality back in their lives. The message also includes further details of the party which was held at The Roadvale Pub near Ipswich on Saturday 6th March 2011.

The series of Queensland cyclones and floods which occurred over the summer of 2010-2011 was one of the most devastating natural disasters in the history of the state. The events which were named in the media as ‘Queensland’s Summer of Disasters’, impacted over 2.5 million people and saw the evacuation of entire towns, power and water being cut off as well as roads, railway lines, buildings, homes and personal property damaged. It also resulted in the tragic death of 35 people and the declaration of 78% of the state as a disaster zone.

After the extreme weather conditions took place and the flood waters receded, thousands of volunteers immediately responded by rallying together to help friends, neighbours and complete strangers clean up their businesses and homes. Many Queenslander’s showed great generosity, courage, strength and community spirit during the clean-up phase of the event with volunteers providing hands-on help, free services, professional advice, donations and much more to help those cyclone and flood affected victims get back on their feet.

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Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil
CH classification TROPHIES AND AWARDS
Name or Title H49624 Medal - "Queensland Disaster Hero"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 2011
History and Use

The series of Queensland cyclones and floods which occurred over the summer of 2010-2011 was one of the most devastating natural disasters in the history of the state. The events which were named by the media as ‘Queensland’s Summer of Disasters’, impacted over 2.5 million people and saw the evacuation of entire towns, power and water being cut off as well as roads, railway lines, buildings, homes and personal property damaged. It also resulted in the tragic death of 35 people and the declaration of 78% of the state as a disaster zone.

After the extreme weather conditions took place and the flood waters receded, thousands of volunteers immediately responded by rallying together to help friends, neighbours and complete strangers clean up their businesses and homes. Many Queenslander’s showed great generosity, courage, strength and community spirit during the clean-up phase of the event with volunteers providing hands-on help, free services, professional advice, donations and much more to help those cyclone and flood affected victims get back on their feet.

Later, on the 2nd March 2011, then Premier of Queensland, Anna Bligh invited Queenslanders to nominate individuals in their community who they thought deserved a ‘Queensland Disaster Hero’ award. Nominated heroes had to demonstrate community initiative, bravery, courage, resilience and strength during the natural disasters. More than 3,500 people were nominated across the state and invited to one of ten recognition ceremonies during the Queensland Week celebrations which ran from 4th to 13th June 2011. Ceremonies were held throughout the month of June in the Lockyer Valley, Tully, Townsville, Rockhampton, Dalby, Emerald, Bundaberg, Toowoomba, Ipswich and Brisbane where each Queensland Disaster Hero was awarded a special commemorative medal as a keepsake and reminder of their contribution. This is an example of the medals handed out by the Queensland Government to those people who were nominated as disaster heroes.

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Registration Number H48336
Classification CH classification TOYS General farm models
CH classification RELIGIONS Christian
CH classification RELIGIONS Jewish
CH classification TOYS Mobile boat
Name or Title Toy - Noah's Ark
History and Use

Noah’s Ark toys were among the most popular toys of the 19th century in Europe and America. Toys with a Biblical or moral theme were known as ‘Sunday’ toys as children, especially in strict religious households, were only allowed to play with them on Sundays. This was during a time when religious families frowned upon the idea of playing with toys or having fun on the day of Sabbath. The purpose of the Noah’s ark was instructional rather than recreational. Arks were most commonly made of timber but were also made using straw and were either flat-bottomed or boat-bottomed.

This Noah’s Ark is an example of a boat-bottomed type. The toy comprises of a wooden model boat with a hinged lid and 101 figurines including people and both pairs of, and singular animals, birds and insects; the figurines are stored inside the boat. The boat and carved figurines have original, hand-painted decoration and paintwork.

It is believed this Noah’s Ark was made in Germany which was the centre of toy ark-making during the nineteenth century. Ark-making was a cottage industry particularly in the Erzgebirge region where some families or small factories specialised in producing certain animals, carving or painting the figurines.

The Ark was brought to Australia in 1950, when the Southgate family immigrated to Brisbane, Queensland from England. Like many migrants, the family brought few possessions with them and the Noah’s Ark toy was the most important item they owned having been passed down through the family from eldest child to eldest child for several generations.

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Registration Number H48140
Name or Title Squeegee
History and Use

This squeegee is associated with Queensland’s ‘Summer of Disasters’; the series of Queensland cyclones and floods which occurred over the summer of 2010-2011 and became one of the most devastating natural disasters in the history of the state. The event impacted over 2.5 million people and saw the evacuation of entire towns, power and water being cut off as well as roads, railway lines, buildings, homes and personal property damaged. It also resulted in the tragic death of 35 people and the declaration of 78% of the state as a disaster zone.

The squeegee was used to clean up apartments in a riverside block in West End which was inundated during the flood. Squeegees were distributed for free by the Brisbane City Council to assist residents and volunteers in their cleaning efforts. The floods had a devastating impact on people’s lives and property all throughout the state and the object allows for an interpretation of natural disasters - a recurring theme in the history of the state - the mass destruction and debris they can leave behind as well as the clean-up phase of such a significant event.

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Registration Number H48823
Classification CH classification COSTUME Daywear woman
Name or Title Shirtmaker dress
Production Place Brisbane/Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1970s
History and Use

This synthetic jersey shirtmaker dress from the late 1960s is part of a collection of garments designed and made by Brisbane fashion designer and couturier, Harvey Graham. With a career spanning from the 1950s to the 1980s, Graham worked first from a workroom in Stanley Street, South Brisbane before moving to a boutique in the Brisbane Arcade in 1963. His European-influenced couturier-style garments were variously described as ‘elegant’, ‘sophisticated’ and as ‘high fashion’. He later created a line of ready-to-wear clothing.

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Registration Number H48914
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Post Card - "3298 - Belden, California, Grand Canyon of the Feather River"
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48918
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Postcard - "70417 View of Grottos and Caverns. The Cave - Grunewald Hotel, New Orleans"
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48913
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Post Card - "Through the Mountains in the Grand Canyon"
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48916
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Postcard - "Lobby and Grand Staircase, Grunewald Hotel, New Orleans, LA.
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48912
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Post Card - "Whitehall Building, New York."
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48911
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Post Card - "Liberty Tower, New York."
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48921
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Postcards
Name or Title Postcard - "Main Line of the I.C.R.R. during High Water in Memphis"
Production Place USA
History and Use

This postcard was collected by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In June 1912, C.J. Pound travelled to the Unites States of America on a 5 month long study trip and collected numerous postcards along his travels. This postcard is part of a collection of around 30 that were collected by Pound during this time.

Most of the postcards from the Pound collection do not feature messages on the address side however a few are referenced in his personal letters and may have been enclosed with letters in envelopes and sent home rather than mailed individually. Some may have otherwise been carried home by Pound himself.

The postcards originate from Oklahoma; Memphis, Tennessee; New York, New York; Texas, Colorado, Atlanta, Georgia; St. Augustine, Florida; Mississippi, New Orleans, Louisiana. They depict a range of images from African-American people to city and street scenes featuring well-known buildings, hotels and restaurants. Other postcards feature locomotive and railway scenes, alligators and cattle.

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Registration Number H48917
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Portraits
Name or Title Photo of C.J. Pound
Production Place Brisbane/Queensland/Australia
History and Use

This photograph was owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The photo represents an aspect of Pound’s life that is currently not well documented - his personal life. It is one of many photographs in the collection relating to C.J. Pound and his family.

Some of C.J. Pound's family photographs held in the collection were taken by well-known early Queensland photographers such as Sidney Riley Studios, Poul Poulsen and Crown and Mathewson & Co. Other Pound family photos were likely taken by C.J. Pound who regarded himself as an amateur photographer.

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Registration Number H48915
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Portraits
Name or Title Photo of C.J. Pound
Production Place Brisbane/Queensland/Australia
History and Use

This photograph was owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The photo represents an aspect of Pound’s life that is currently not well documented - his personal life. It is one of many photographs in the collection relating to C.J. Pound and his family.

Some of C.J. Pound's family photographs held in the collection were taken by well-known early Queensland photographers such as Sidney Riley Studios, Poul Poulsen and Crown and Mathewson & Co. Other Pound family photos were likely taken by C.J. Pound who regarded himself as an amateur photographer.

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Registration Number H49018
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - "Mustering Cattle"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49019
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - "Gingin Cattle Station"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49015
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Landscape
Name or Title Photo - Lagoon near Townsville North Queensland
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49010
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - "The Custom House Brisbane"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49011
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - "'Cloud Effect"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49013
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - "Forest Country on Mundoolun"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49012
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - ""A Hasbeen" on Mundoolun"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49016
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
Name or Title Photo - man sitting on a tree trunk in forest
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H49014
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS
CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Landscape
Name or Title Photo - "C.J.P. on Mundoolun"
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1894-1910
History and Use

This photograph is part of a photographic album owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Most of the photographs in the album were taken by C.J. Pound as part of his professional work. The album contains 157 images with some relating to Pound’s personal life but mostly to his work and travels around Queensland. The album is a rich photographic record of Queensland’s agricultural industry and landscape from around 1894-1910. The photographs also cover a range of other themes including early transport, sport, horse racing events, street scenes, buildings, the Great Barrier Reef, flooding, ships, rivers and the control of rabbits. The album also contains a number of early photographs of Aboriginal Missions and camps.

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Registration Number H14763
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Wind concertina
Name or Title Concertina in Box
Production Place London/England
Production Date 1885-1905
History and Use

Invented in the early 19th century, the concertina's popularity waned in the early 20th century in the wake of the accordion. Its most prominent historical and contempory use is in the performance of various Western folk music.

This is a German or Anglo concertina, distinguished by the fact that it sounds different degrees of the diatonic scale on the extension and compression of the bellows. (The English type has a fuller range, sounding the same note of the chromatic scale on both the extension and compression of the bellows). This was made by one of the most well-known concertina makers in England, Louis Lachenal, who worked for Wheatstone & Co. before establishing his own business circa 1850. Lachenal & Co. was in operation until 1936.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number H19448.1
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin
Production Place Vienna/Austria
Production Date 1768-1809
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

Country Austria
Austria
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