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Registration Number H11492
Classification CH classification ORNAMENTS Bone ornament
Name or Title Ceramic Figurine - Spanish Girl
Production Place Worcester/England
Production Date 1958
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Registration Number H11457
Classification CH classification LIGHTING Candle candlestick
Name or Title Candlestick, Man
Production Place England
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Registration Number H15563.1
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHY Cameras Still plate
Name or Title Lancaster Instantograph Camera
Production Place Birmingham/England
Production Date Circa 1891
History and Use

J. Lancaster & Son was a renowned Birmingham-based camera maker of the 1880s and 1890s, specialising in wooden view cameras and associated lenses and equipment for smaller plate cameras like this one. View cameras, also known as field cameras because of their portability, utilised a folding bellows feature that created a light-sealed space between the lens and the plate holder/viewfinder apparatus. With the addition of a backcloth to protect the plate negative from daylight, view cameras allowed photographers to work outdoors.

This particular camera is part of the Marks Collection, donated to the Queensland Museum by Dr E.N. Marks. The Marks were a prominent Brisbane family who made significant contributions to the fields of science and medicine.

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Registration Number H1455
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Firearms carbine
Name or Title Carbine, 11mm Ballard, Ball and Williams
Production Place USA
Production Date 1861
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Registration Number H15484
Classification CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Bag sugar bag
Name or Title Sugar Bag
Production Place Queensland/Australia
History and Use

In the 1870s to the 1890s the Colonial Sugar Refining Company expanded its operations and set up mills in Queensland. By 1923 an agreement was signed by CSR with the Queensland State Government to refine all of Queensland’s sugar. The monopoly lasted for over sixty years. This calico bag was used by CSR refineries to hold seventy pounds of refined sugar. Often industrial packaging items, such as this, were recycled by Queenslanders and used for a whole range of purposes. Interestingly, this sugar bag was used by the Marks family to store family bathing costumes and was donated to the Queensland Museum as part of a large collection of objects from their family estate in Brisbane.

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Registration Number H22331.1
Classification CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Tin metal container
Name or Title Expo Oz Suit - Packing Case
Production Place California/USA
Production Date 1986
History and Use

Mascot for Expo 88 World Fair in Brisbane 1988.
Expo Oz became an international celebrity as the official mascot of World Expo ‘88. Launched on 30 November 1986, he was the focus of publicity leading up to the event, both within and beyond Australia, and later made over 1500 appearances on the Expo site.

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Registration Number H40232
Classification CH classification RURAL INDUSTRY Livestock Horses branding iron
Name or Title Branding Iron "4DV"
Production Place Australia
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Registration Number H46844
Classification CH classification DOMESTIC EQUIPMENT Laundering washing machine
Name or Title Hoover Washing Machine
Production Place United Kingdom
Production Date 1945-1946
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Registration Number H15563.2
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHY Cameras Still plate
Name or Title Camera Plate, Lancaster Instantograph
Production Place England
Production Date 1881-1901
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Registration Number H616.2
Classification CH classification HOROLOGY Clocks pendulum clock
Name or Title Clock, Japanese
Production Place Japan
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Registration Number H616.4
Classification CH classification HOROLOGY Clocks pendulum clock
Name or Title Clock, Japanese, Display case
Production Place Japan
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Registration Number H616.3
Classification CH classification HOROLOGY Clocks pendulum clock
Name or Title Clock, Japanese, Stand
Production Place Japan
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Registration Number N7764
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (NOTES) Australian Notes five dollar
Name or Title 5 dollar note (AUD)
Production Place Canberra/Australian Capital Territory/Australia
Production Date 1974-1992
History and Use

This is an Australian 5 dollar note, made of paper. The design dates it between 1974 and 1992 (a change was made in 1974 to the word ‘Australia’ in the design).

The Australian currency changed from pounds, shillings and pence to the decimal system in 1966. Australian notes were made of paper until 1988, when Australia became the first country to issue longer-lasting and harder to counterfeit polymer notes. All Australian notes had been changed to polymer or coin versions by 1996, so there are no more paper notes in circulation.

The first 5 dollar note was issued in 1967. The design, in mauve colouring and featuring images of Caroline Chisolm and Joseph Banks, stayed the same until a polymer note was issued in 1992 (depicting the Queen and Parliament House). Caroline Chisolm was the first woman, who was not the Queen, to be depicted on Australian currency.

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Registration Number N6675
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Commemorative Medallion
CH classification CIVIC MEMENTOES Souvenirs Commemorative Medallion
Name or Title Medallion - Queensland 1859 Secession
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1859
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Registration Number H47734
Classification CH classification MEDICINE Medicine syringe
CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Tin syringe tin
Name or Title Syringe and case
Production Place Germany
Production Date Circa 1940s
History and Use

This Original Record syringe case belonged to Dr H. C. Taylor – the honorary Assistant Director of the Red Cross Blood Bank in Brisbane during the 1960s. It is a rare example of German-made World War Two medical equipment, much of which was destroyed after the war. Made of silver and brass, the case holds its original syringe and is inscribed with Taylor’s name. The case is part of Queensland Museum's Red Cross collection.

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Registration Number H47737
Classification CH classification CIVIC MEMENTOES Presentations
Name or Title Replica 16th century bleeding cup
Production Place South Africa
Production Date Circa 1972
History and Use

This replica 16th century bleeding cup was presented to Dr A E Shaw at the Blood Transfusion Congress of South Africa, Port Elizabeth, September 1972. Dr Shaw was the Director of the Brisbane Red Cross Blood Transfusion service from the 1950s to 1970s. The cup is part of Queensland Museum’s Red Cross collection. It replicates cups used in the 1500s for bloodletting – the practice of withdrawing blood to cure or prevent disease.

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Registration Number H47740
Classification CH classification MEDICINE
Name or Title Box of Eldoncards
Production Place Gentofte/Denmark
Production Date 01 Mar 1956
History and Use

This box of Eldoncards was produced by Nordisk, who were the major global supplier of Eldoncards in the 1950s. The cards are used for testing blood type and Rhesus status. The cards are housed in their original box including pipettes for collecting blood and a guide to understanding the results. The cards are part of Queensland Museum’s Red Cross collection.

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Registration Number H19448.8
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin Strings
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number H19448.7
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin Tool
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number H19448.6
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin Cleaning Cloth
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number H19448.9
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin Case Fragments
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number H19448.10
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
Name or Title Violin Cloth
History and Use

This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.

To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number H48983
Classification CH classification MEDICINE Medicine
CH classification MEDICINE Veterinary Science
Name or Title Wooden box containing medical implements
History and Use

This wooden box containing medical implements was owned and used by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

It forms part of a larger collection of instruments relating to Pound’s work in Queensland and reflects the transfer of new scientific knowledge and approaches from London to Queensland. The collection comprises an assortment of medical and veterinary implements such as surgical instruments, thermometers, syringes, needles and cannula and tubing. It also includes scales, beam balances, weight sets and a set of telescoping tubes.

Charles Joseph Pound was born in Harrow, England on 30th May 1866. He studied laboratory technology at King’s College, London and became a microscopist before going on to study vaccine preparation and protective inoculation procedures at the Pasteur Institute.

Pound first came to Australia in 1892, after receiving an invitation to set up a bacteriology laboratory at the University of Sydney. It was shortly after his arrival that Pound realised the laboratory had not yet been established and quickly managed to secure a position of practical bacteriological laboratory assistant for the New South Wales Department of Health.

In December 1893, Pound was appointed Director of the newly established Queensland Stock Institute in Brisbane – the first institute laboratory in Queensland dedicated to investigating disease of any kind in both humans and animals. In September 1894, Pound looked into Redwater Disease (Bovine Babesiosis) also known as Tick Fever in the gulf district – it was the first inoculation study into this disease in Australia. Pound found that Redwater Disease was confined to bovines and the disease was transmitted through the bite of cattle ticks. The following year, Pound trained Queensland stockowners in the technique of collecting blood from recovered bovines, defibrinating it and using this vaccine to inoculate their at-risk cattle.

At the recommendation of Pound in July 1899, the Queensland Government built new research laboratories under the new name of the Bacteriological Institute. Administration for the building was transferred to the Health Section of the Home Secretary’s Department and Pound was appointed Queensland Government Bacteriologist. During this period, Pound’s work focused on human health and he carried out unofficial laboratory diagnoses for medical practitioners. During this period, Pound was the only scientist in the country producing tuberculin and investigating leprosy. In March 1900, Pound made the first diagnosis of the bubonic plague outbreak in Brisbane. He also had a hand in ensuring a safe milk supply by securing legislation that required regular tuberculosis-testing of dairy herds.

While retaining his title as Government Bacteriologist, in 1910 Pound transferred to the newly built Stock Experiment Station at Yeerongpilly. Some of the early work of the Station included conducting research into the eradication of cattle ticks and the diseases caused by them, undertaking post mortems and animal husbandry research studies and experiments. Pound retired on 31 July 1932 at the age of sixty-six years, and the position was abolished on 27 April 1933.

Pound contributed much to the control of both veterinary and medical disease in Queensland during his thirty-nine years of service in the Queensland government, but his outstanding contribution was his protective inoculation and extension work on babesiosis which saved hundreds of thousands of cattle from tick fever. His willingness to educate the public on all manner of scientific topics through his lectures using glass lantern slides is also to his credit; and although this was sometimes considered publicity to gain kudos, it nonetheless served a useful purpose in making knowledge available to a public far less informed public than of today which ingratiated him to a wide range of people.

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Registration Number H48974
Classification CH classification DOMESTIC EQUIPMENT Food and Drink Consumption goblet, metal
CH classification TROPHIES AND AWARDS Sports trophy
Name or Title Silver Goblet
Production Place Sheffield/South Yorkshire/England
Production Date Circa 1924
History and Use

This silver goblet was owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

It represents the personal aspect of Pound’s life rather than the professional. The object provides insight to an individual who lived and worked in Brisbane for over fifty years during the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries. It is one of many objects held in the collection that illustrates personal aspects of his life here in Queensland in addition to his earlier years where he trained in England.

CJ Pound was a man of wide interests and an active member of a range of organised social, literary, historical, geographical and sporting groups in Brisbane. He was President of the Queensland Amateur Photographic Society in 1896, President of the Royal Society of Queensland in 1898, honorary life member of the Royal Queensland Yacht Club, Foundation Member of the Toowong Bowling Club, member of the Johnsonian Club and the Royal Geographical Society.

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Registration Number H48975
Classification CH classification PERSONAL EFFECTS Smoking Accessories cigarette case
Name or Title Cigarette case
Production Place Birmingham/England
Production Date Circa 1890s
History and Use

This object was owned by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

It represents the personal aspect of Pound’s life rather than the professional. The object provides insight to an individual who lived and worked in Brisbane for over fifty years during the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries. It is one of many objects held in the collection that illustrates personal aspects of his life here in Queensland in addition to his earlier years where he trained in England.

CJ Pound was a man of wide interests and an active member of a range of organised social, literary, historical, geographical and sporting groups in Brisbane. He was President of the Queensland Amateur Photographic Society in 1896, President of the Royal Society of Queensland in 1898, honorary life member of the Royal Queensland Yacht Club, Foundation Member of the Toowong Bowling Club, member of the Johnsonian Club and the Royal Geographical Society.

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