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Registration Number H1591
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Firearms revolver
Name or Title Pepperbox revolver
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Registration Number H16384
Classification CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Bag sugar bag
Name or Title Sugar Bag
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Registration Number H2419
Classification CH classification RURAL INDUSTRY Fencing wire
Name or Title Barbs for barbed wire (2 sizes)
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Registration Number H286
Classification CH classification MARITIME TECHNOLOGY Ship Relics piece of wood
Name or Title Shipwreck Message
Production Place Malaita/Solomon Islands
Production Date Circa 1875
History and Use

The inscription on this piece of wood is a poignant statement of the despair experienced by a shipwrecked sailor.

The Scottish born sailor John Renton went to sea at the age of sixteen, leaving his hometown Stromness on the Orkney Islands. After several years crewing on ships he was in San Francisco when he was ‘shanghaiied’ or tricked onto the Reynard, ‘a leaky tub’ which was bound for McKean’s Island (Kiribati) in the Pacific. There the ship spent several months excavating guano before setting sail to return to San Francisco with its malodorous cargo. Renton believed that the ship was unseaworthy and unlikely to complete the return journey and agreed to escape with four other men. They stole a small whaleboat and some supplies and embarked on a journey that they hoped would take them to a friendly island. With no compass and due to bad weather they drifted at sea for over a month with no means of setting a course. Renton, the youngest of the four, maintained reasonable health despite the lack of fresh water and food. Eventually they sighted and landed on Maana'oba Island, off the northeast coast of Malaita, Solomon Islands. All were in poor health, malnourished and barely able to walk. Only Renton survived the first week. At first he was held captive on the island before being traded to the island of Sulufou where he spent nearly eight years. There he was adopted into the Chief’s family and become an esteemed member of the community.

Malaita Island was avoided by vessels travelling the Pacific because the locals had a reputation for warfare and head hunting. Competition over resources on the island led to violent and frequent warfare between communities which Renton is likely to have participated in and few European ships came to the region.

In 1875 the Bobtail Nag, a south-sea island slave trading vessel, moored off the Island to trade. This piece of wood was inscribed by Renton and sent to Captain Murray of the ship. It was donated to the Queensland Museum in 1927 by John Slade, the Queensland Government agent on the Bobtail Nag. Upon receiving the message it was Slade who was escorted to the beach and made the negotiations to exchange axes and trade items for Renton’s release.

During the voyage Renton relayed his story to the Ship’s captain and soon after his arrival in Australia his story become headline news across the globe. Before returning to Scotland he persuaded the Queensland Government to allow him to return to the Island and provide supplies and trade items to the community who had hosted him in thanks for their care and good treatment of him. Nearly a year later Renton arrived back to his home in Stromness. He did not remain long in Scotland and returned to the Pacific in 1878 as an employee of the Queensland Government to recruit island labour for the sugar plantations. On one of these expeditions to Aoba Island in Vanuatu, Renton was killed.

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Registration Number H28144
Classification CH classification DOMESTIC EQUIPMENT Food Preparation egg ring
Name or Title Egg Ring in Original Packaging
Production Place Victoria/Australia
Production Date 1965-2004
History and Use

This egg ring is an interesting example of 1970s domestic gadgetry. Still in its original packaging it also illustrates the advertising style of the period.

As a collapsible egg ring it makes for an interesting example of the many domestic laboursaving devices produced at the time.

The original packaging also relates to the history of packaging and commercial marketing in Queensland.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number H28165
Classification CH classification HANDCRAFTS Carving emu egg carving
CH classification ORNAMENTS
Name or Title Carved Emu Egg
Production Place Australia
Production Date 1921
History and Use

Emu egg carving is a distinctively Australian handcraft that often depicts local images and themes. This egg builds upon that tradition by drawing on native fauna and the national coat of arms.

Skilled carvers would work with the egg while still fresh and could produce up to nine shades of colour.

Sources are divided as to when emu egg carving started. It is believed that both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians began to carve into emu egg around 1850. This practice reached popularity during the early twentieth century.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number H28146
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
CH classification PERSONAL EFFECTS
Name or Title Dance Card and Pencil
History and Use

Dance cards relate to the formal social life of the middle and upper classes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

A dance card is used by a woman to record the names of the gentlemen with whom she intends to dance each successive dance at a formal ball.

This particular card is believed to a debutante’s dance card and pencil.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number H2011.2
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Weapon Accessories gun case
Name or Title Pistol case and accessories
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Registration Number H22331.16
Classification CH classification COSTUME unisex
Name or Title Expo Oz Suit - Torso and Legs
Production Place California/USA
Production Date 1986
History and Use

Mascot for Expo 88 World Fair in Brisbane 1988.
Expo Oz became an international celebrity as the official mascot of World Expo ‘88. Launched on 30 November 1986, he was the focus of publicity leading up to the event, both within and beyond Australia, and later made over 1500 appearances on the Expo site.

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Registration Number H22331.17
Classification CH classification COSTUME unisex
Name or Title Expo Oz Suit - Jacket
Production Place California/USA
Production Date 1986
History and Use

Mascot for Expo 88 World Fair in Brisbane 1988.
Expo Oz became an international celebrity as the official mascot of World Expo ‘88. Launched on 30 November 1986, he was the focus of publicity leading up to the event, both within and beyond Australia, and later made over 1500 appearances on the Expo site.

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Registration Number H43978
Classification CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Accessories
Name or Title Violin Rosin
History and Use

Rosin, also called Colophon, is a resin collected from pine trees. It is rubbed along a violin bow string to increase the friction between the violin strings and the bow strings, thereby improving sound quality.

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Registration Number H44060
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Armour helmet
Name or Title WWII German Army helmet
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Registration Number H11021.3
Classification CH classification RURAL INDUSTRY Livestock Cattle branding iron
Name or Title Branding Iron
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Registration Number MA7903
Name or Title Intaglio seal
Production Date Pre 1790
History and Use

In 1790 HMS Pandora sailed from England in pursuit of the HMS Bounty and its mutineers. The Pandora was wrecked in 1791 on its return voyage while attempting to negotiate the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
Queensland Museum archaeological expeditions between 1983 and 1999 recovered many artefacts.

State/Province Queensland
Queensland
Country Australia
Australia
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Registration Number N5724
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Civil Medals
Name or Title Browne Medals conferred by the Charters Towers School of Mines
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1920
History and Use

The Browne Memorial Medal is thought to have been named after William Henry "Billy" Browne who was born at Pimlico, London, in 1846. When eleven years old he went to sea, serving with both the Royal and Merchant Navies for about nine years spending some of that time on the China Station. In 1866 he was attracted to the Araluen goldfields of New South Wales, subsequently taking part in the Grenfell, Gulging and Hill End rushes. After a mining stint in Tasmania he came to Queensland, working at Gympie, Charters Towers, the Palmer, Herberton and Croydon, remaining at the latter for seven years.

Browne was later elected President of the Amalgamated Miners' Union, and was returned as the Labor member for Croydon in the 1893, 1896, 1899 and 1902 state elections.

He was appointed Secretary for Mines and Secretary for Public Instruction in the short-lived Dawson Labor Ministry in December 1899, assuming the Labor (opposition) leadership the following year. When the Morgan Government took office in 1903 he became Deputy Premier and Secretary for Mines. He died in office in April the following year.

The Memorial Medal bearing his name is thought to have been awarded anually by the Charters Towers School of Mines for scholastic achievement. The earliest newspaper reference to the award dates from 1911 (the School having opened in 1899), the last in 1916.

This particular medal was presented to Mr Mungomery, who worked as an assayer in Mt. Isa, then subsequently in agriculture research (as an entomologist). This is thought to be one of the last Medals awarded since the School of Mines began winding up in 1921, finalling closing its doors in 1925.

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Registration Number N5723
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Civil Medals
Name or Title Browne Medals conferred by the Charters Towers School of Mines
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1920
History and Use

The Browne Memorial Medal is thought to have been named after William Henry "Billy" Browne who was born at Pimlico, London, in 1846. When eleven years old he went to sea, serving with both the Royal and Merchant Navies for about nine years spending some of that time on the China Station. In 1866 he was attracted to the Araluen goldfields of New South Wales, subsequently taking part in the Grenfell, Gulging and Hill End rushes. After a mining stint in Tasmania he came to Queensland, working at Gympie, Charters Towers, the Palmer, Herberton and Croydon, remaining at the latter for seven years.

Browne was later elected President of the Amalgamated Miners' Union, and was returned as the Labor member for Croydon in the 1893, 1896, 1899 and 1902 state elections.

He was appointed Secretary for Mines and Secretary for Public Instruction in the short-lived Dawson Labor Ministry in December 1899, assuming the Labor (opposition) leadership the following year. When the Morgan Government took office in 1903 he became Deputy Premier and Secretary for Mines. He died in office in April the following year.

The Memorial Medal bearing his name is thought to have been awarded anually by the Charters Towers School of Mines for scholastic achievement. The earliest newspaper reference to the award dates from 1911 (the School having opened in 1899), the last in 1916.

This particular medal was presented to Mr Mungomery, who worked as an assayer in Mt. Isa, then subsequently in agriculture research (as an entomologist). This is thought to be one of the last Medals awarded since the School of Mines began winding up in 1921, finalling closing its doors in 1925.

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Registration Number H14942
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHY Viewers stereoscope
Name or Title Mutoscope Viewer
Production Place USA
Production Date 1920-1949
History and Use

The Mutoscope was invented by Herbert Cassler in 1894. When the crank is wound, a reel of still photographs on card is rotated to create a short film; much like a flipbook creates the illusion of movement. This particular model was made during the Mutoscope revival of the 1920s-1940s, initiated by William Rabkin of the International Mutoscope Company, who bought the rights to the device.

Despite the machine’s popularity with children at fairgrounds and amusement arcades, many films made for the Mutoscope contained ‘adult’ content. Famous film titles included ‘Wiggling Wonders’ and ‘A Peeping Tom’.

The Mutoscope had a dark reputation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century because unlike adult cinemas at the time, which denied access to children, Mutoscopes were easily accessible to all ages. The Mutoscope was known colloquially as ‘What the Butler Saw’ and posed a threat of indecency. This did not stop certain arcade owners from allowing young boys with spare change to access such entertainment.

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Registration Number N7127
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil
Name or Title Badge, Strength of Empire
History and Use

The Strength of Empire movement is linked to prohibition in Australia after World War 1 (WW1).

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Registration Number H26706
Classification CH classification COMMERCE Advertising sign
Name or Title Billy Tea Sign
History and Use

The expression ‘billy tea’ is used for any type of tea boiled in a billy, traditionally including a gum leaf thrown in for extra bush flavour. The Billy Tea Company, however, founded in 1881 by Scotsman James Inglis, became a leading brand of tea considered perfect for this type of brewing. Its successful marketing strategies made use of Australian symbols, like the kangaroo, and linked Billy Tea to images of mateship, comfort and adventure. This is an early Twentieth century advertisement.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.

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Registration Number H48982
Classification CH classification SCIENCES Instruments Weighing balance, beam
Name or Title Brass Beam Balance Scales in Case
Production Place London/England
History and Use

These brass beam balance scales with case was owned and used by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

It forms part of a larger collection of instruments relating to Pound’s work in Queensland and reflects the transfer of new scientific knowledge and approaches from London to Queensland. The collection comprises an assortment of medical and veterinary implements such as surgical instruments, thermometers, syringes, needles and cannula and tubing. It also includes scales, beam balances, weight sets and a set of telescoping tubes.

Charles Joseph Pound was born in Harrow, England on 30th May 1866. He studied laboratory technology at King’s College, London and became a microscopist before going on to study vaccine preparation and protective inoculation procedures at the Pasteur Institute.

Pound first came to Australia in 1892, after receiving an invitation to set up a bacteriology laboratory at the University of Sydney. It was shortly after his arrival that Pound realised the laboratory had not yet been established and quickly managed to secure a position of practical bacteriological laboratory assistant for the New South Wales Department of Health.

In December 1893, Pound was appointed Director of the newly established Queensland Stock Institute in Brisbane – the first institute laboratory in Queensland dedicated to investigating disease of any kind in both humans and animals. In September 1894, Pound looked into Redwater Disease (Bovine Babesiosis) also known as Tick Fever in the gulf district – it was the first inoculation study into this disease in Australia. Pound found that Redwater Disease was confined to bovines and the disease was transmitted through the bite of cattle ticks. The following year, Pound trained Queensland stockowners in the technique of collecting blood from recovered bovines, defibrinating it and using this vaccine to inoculate their at-risk cattle.

At the recommendation of Pound in July 1899, the Queensland Government built new research laboratories under the new name of the Bacteriological Institute. Administration for the building was transferred to the Health Section of the Home Secretary’s Department and Pound was appointed Queensland Government Bacteriologist. During this period, Pound’s work focused on human health and he carried out unofficial laboratory diagnoses for medical practitioners. During this period, Pound was the only scientist in the country producing tuberculin and investigating leprosy. In March 1900, Pound made the first diagnosis of the bubonic plague outbreak in Brisbane. He also had a hand in ensuring a safe milk supply by securing legislation that required regular tuberculosis-testing of dairy herds.

While retaining his title as Government Bacteriologist, in 1910 Pound transferred to the newly built Stock Experiment Station at Yeerongpilly. Some of the early work of the Station included conducting research into the eradication of cattle ticks and the diseases caused by them, undertaking post mortems and animal husbandry research studies and experiments. Pound retired on 31 July 1932 at the age of sixty-six years, and the position was abolished on 27 April 1933.

Pound contributed much to the control of both veterinary and medical disease in Queensland during his thirty-nine years of service in the Queensland government, but his outstanding contribution was his protective inoculation and extension work on babesiosis which saved hundreds of thousands of cattle from tick fever. His willingness to educate the public on all manner of scientific topics through his lectures using glass lantern slides is also to his credit; and although this was sometimes considered publicity to gain kudos, it nonetheless served a useful purpose in making knowledge available to a public far less informed public than of today which ingratiated him to a wide range of people.

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Registration Number H42424
Classification CH classification FLAGS
Name or Title Flag - Danzig
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1939
History and Use

Made by the Tolga branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association as a peace initiative in 1939. With World War 2 looming, the northern division of the QCWA decided to promote understanding between nations by each branch making a flag, and through this also learning about the history and culture of other countries. Branches were able to choose the country and materials used. The flags were displayed in the halls of the various branches and later were also displayed around the State.

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Registration Number H20461.101
Classification CH classification FINE ARTS Paintings watercolour
Name or Title Painting - Brisbane Golden Wattle (Acacia fimbriata)
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1911
History and Use

Ellis Rowan (1848-1922) was a prolific Australian artist celebrated for her detailed paintings of flora and fauna. Rowan painted a range of flowers, plants, bird and butterflies during her career, and particularly enjoyed painting tropical environments. The Queensland Museum houses 125 of Rowan’s works, with a focus on plants and flowers. This painting depicts the Brisbane Golden Wattle plant. Golden wattle was proclaimed Australia’s official floral emblem in 1988, though it had long been popularly regarded as a national symbol. It also appears on the Australian coat of arms.

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Registration Number H6523.1
Classification CH classification MARITIME TECHNOLOGY Whaling harpoon
Name or Title Whaling Harpoon Tasmanian Pattern
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Registration Number H48977
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHY Projectors Still camera lucida
CH classification SCIENCES Instruments Optical camera lucida
Name or Title Abbe camera lucida with case
Production Place Rochester/New York/USA
Production Date Early 20th Century
History and Use

This Abbe camera lucida with case was owned and used by Charles Joseph Pound (b.1866 – d.1946), one of Australia’s earliest scientists to investigate veterinary and medical diseases in Queensland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

It forms part of a larger collection of instruments relating to Pound’s work in Queensland and reflects the transfer of new scientific knowledge and approaches from London to Queensland. The collection comprises an assortment of medical and veterinary implements such as surgical instruments, thermometers, syringes, needles and cannula and tubing. It also includes scales, beam balances, weight sets and a set of telescoping tubes.

Charles Joseph Pound was born in Harrow, England on 30th May 1866. He studied laboratory technology at King’s College, London and became a microscopist before going on to study vaccine preparation and protective inoculation procedures at the Pasteur Institute.

Pound first came to Australia in 1892, after receiving an invitation to set up a bacteriology laboratory at the University of Sydney. It was shortly after his arrival that Pound realised the laboratory had not yet been established and quickly managed to secure a position of practical bacteriological laboratory assistant for the New South Wales Department of Health.

In December 1893, Pound was appointed Director of the newly established Queensland Stock Institute in Brisbane – the first institute laboratory in Queensland dedicated to investigating disease of any kind in both humans and animals. In September 1894, Pound looked into Redwater Disease (Bovine Babesiosis) also known as Tick Fever in the gulf district – it was the first inoculation study into this disease in Australia. Pound found that Redwater Disease was confined to bovines and the disease was transmitted through the bite of cattle ticks. The following year, Pound trained Queensland stockowners in the technique of collecting blood from recovered bovines, defibrinating it and using this vaccine to inoculate their at-risk cattle.

At the recommendation of Pound in July 1899, the Queensland Government built new research laboratories under the new name of the Bacteriological Institute. Administration for the building was transferred to the Health Section of the Home Secretary’s Department and Pound was appointed Queensland Government Bacteriologist. During this period, Pound’s work focused on human health and he carried out unofficial laboratory diagnoses for medical practitioners. During this period, Pound was the only scientist in the country producing tuberculin and investigating leprosy. In March 1900, Pound made the first diagnosis of the bubonic plague outbreak in Brisbane. He also had a hand in ensuring a safe milk supply by securing legislation that required regular tuberculosis-testing of dairy herds.

While retaining his title as Government Bacteriologist, in 1910 Pound transferred to the newly built Stock Experiment Station at Yeerongpilly. Some of the early work of the Station included conducting research into the eradication of cattle ticks and the diseases caused by them, undertaking post mortems and animal husbandry research studies and experiments. Pound retired on 31 July 1932 at the age of sixty-six years, and the position was abolished on 27 April 1933.

Pound contributed much to the control of both veterinary and medical disease in Queensland during his thirty-nine years of service in the Queensland government, but his outstanding contribution was his protective inoculation and extension work on babesiosis which saved hundreds of thousands of cattle from tick fever. His willingness to educate the public on all manner of scientific topics through his lectures using glass lantern slides is also to his credit; and although this was sometimes considered publicity to gain kudos, it nonetheless served a useful purpose in making knowledge available to a public far less informed public than of today which ingratiated him to a wide range of people.

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Registration Number H28735
Classification CH classification METALCRAFT Gold
CH classification SCIENCES Instruments Weighing scales
Name or Title Gold scales
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The Queensland Museum collection Online is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added regularly.


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