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Registration Number H22373
Classification CH classification MILITARY Army bullet, ww1
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ammunition, metal cartridge centre fire
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ordnance ammunition breach loading
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ordnance bullet
Name or Title WW1 Souvenir Bullet (Training Round)
Production Date 1914-1918
History and Use

A .303 inch dummy or drill round, as used for rifle and machine-gun training by British Commonwealth military forces for much of the twentieth century. Unlike practise rounds which contained both propellant and primer, drill rounds were inert.

By the start of the 1914 - 1918 war the Australian Army was one hundred times larger than it had been at Federation (in 1901). Equipping and training this rapidly expanding force was both difficult and costly, especially since Australia only had the one munitions factory - at Lithgow, New South Wales.

Drill rounds, like this, allowed ab initio training to continue in a manner that was both inexpensive, and non-lethal.

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Registration Number H14359.2
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - troop transport
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.63
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - street scene, Salisbury
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H48885
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Letter, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 26 Feb 1918
History and Use

This unsigned letter relates to holding a Golden Casket Art Union in February 1918 in aid of the Anzac Cottages scheme.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H14237
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Edged weapons bayonet
Name or Title Bayonet and Scabbard
Production Place Australia
History and Use

The Lithgow Small Arms Factory was the main manufacturer of weapons (both edged and firearms) for the Australian military forces during WW1, WW2 and thereafter into the 1970s. During WW2, the enormous demand for weapons for the rapidly expanding Australian military forces required the Lithgow Small Arms factory to set up additional factories at Orange, as well as sub-contracting out the manufacture of some metal and leather components to other firms such as Slazenger.



Slazenger made wooden grips for the standard Australian WW2 service bayonet, the Pattern 1907 Sword Bayonet (as used with the various patterns/models of the .303 calibre S.M.L.E. service rifle), as well as the leather components of scabbards for these bayonets. These Slazenger-made components are easily identified by maker stamps (SLAZ4x ) on the outer surfaces of the wooden grips, or leather on scabbards, where 4x is the year of manufacture. In the case of the displayed weapon the wooden grip is stamped “SLAZ44”, confirming the item as Slazenger-manufactured in 1944. (Graeme Potter April 2008)

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Registration Number H14359.1
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - troops in Melbourne
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H23630
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
CH classification RECREATIONS Gambling lottery
Name or Title Winner's List, Golden Casket First Draw
Production Place Brisbane/Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This winner’s list is associated with the first Golden Casket Art Union held in Queensland on 14 June 1917. Although art unions were a common method of fund-raising for charity during early 20th Century Australia, the Golden Casket art union was seen as different due to the extraordinarily large amount of prize money that was offered. First prize for the Casket was £5,000 and the total prize money was £10,000. To compare, the average salary of a male in Queensland in 1917 was £2 to £3 per week.

The idea for the art union was proposed by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund in 1916, during World War 1 (WW1), with the aim of raising funds for the rehabilitation and repatriation of returned Australian sailors and soldiers.

The Casket took 17 weeks to fill and people from most major cities around Australia could apply for a ticket. The draw took place in the Brisbane Stadium at 2’o’clock and the event was attended by a large crowd including select dignitaries, members of the press and the public.

A young man named John Zimmerle from Kingston in Queensland won first prize but was unable to claim his winnings as he was underage and had to wait until he turned the legal age of 21.

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Registration Number H43355
Classification CH classification HANDCRAFTS Sewing & Needlework Eqpt sewing kit
Name or Title Sewing Kit - "Housewife"
Production Place Australia
Production Date 1914-1945
History and Use

This sewing kit, or Housewife, is part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

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Registration Number N6802
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil button badge
Name or Title Button badge, Prohibition
History and Use

This badge was produced by one of the many temperance groups active in Australia from the 1880s. The temperance groups gained strength during World War 1, arguing alcohol weakened soldiers’ and others’ physical and mental capacity to fight the war, and also used precious resources such as grain and sugar that could be directed to better uses. It was also argued that the money saved if alcohol was prohibited would pay a country’s war debt.

The temperance groups also blamed liquor for soldiers’ bad behaviour at home and overseas, and for exacerbating the physical and mental disorders suffered by those who returned.

The temperance movement was powerful and despite considerable public opposition, across Australia various pieces of legislation were introduced, designed to control alcohol consumption. Immortalised as the six o’clock swill, early closing was a favourite of organisations such as the Womens Christian Temperance Union (WCTU). Lobbying for early closing had begun before the War, but its proponents argued it was even more important during the War to ‘protect the men in uniform and those they leave behind’. Some States introduced it as early as 1916 and Queensland also passed early closing legislation that came into effect in 1923 (although the pubs closed at 8 o’clock rather than 6 o’clock).

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Registration Number N6833
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil button badge
Name or Title Button badge, Wattle Day
Production Date 1916-1918
History and Use

This Wattle Day for Maimed Soldiers badge dates from World War 1, when Wattle Day served as a fundraiser for wounded returned servicemen. In Queensland the day itself was held approximately in the middle of the year.

The use of wattle as Australia's national emblem dates from the early 19th century. By 1910 Wattle Day was celebrated in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide on 1 September. Since1992 Wattle Day has been celebrated throughout Australia, again on 1 September.

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Registration Number N7656.2
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Military Medals ww1
CH classification MILITARY Air Force
CH classification MEMORIALS War Memorials
CH classification TRANSPORT Aviation
CH classification MILITARY Navy
Name or Title WW1 Memorial Plaque to the next of kin of Major R.S. Dallas
Production Place England
Production Date 1919
History and Use

This memorial plaque was sent to the mother of Roderic Stanley Dallas, who died in combat on1 June 1918, in the skies above Liévin, France. At the time of his death, Major R. S. Dallas, DSO, DSC and bar, Croix De Guerre, was an Australian aviator and the Commanding Officer of 40 Squadron of the Royal Air Force, who was officially credited with destroying 39 enemy aircraft.

About 60,000 memorial plaques were issued to the next of kin of Australian service men and women who died as a result of their service in World War 1. This number included those from the Royal Australia Navy and Australian Army Nursing Service.

In 1916 the British Government had decided to show their official gratitude to the next of kin of the men and women who had died due to their service in the War. In 1917 a competition was held to design a memorial plaque. In March 1918, Edward Carter Preston from Liverpool, UK, won the £250 first prize for his design, and by December of that year the plaques were in production.

Known also as Death Plaque or, due to their resembling a copper coin, Dead Man's Penny, Death Penny, or Widow's Penny, the plaques were originally manufactured in Acton, London, and from December 1920 at the Woolwich Arsenal, England. More than one million were issued to commemorate those active service personnel who had died between 4 August 1914 and 30 April 1920. Each plaque has the name of the deceased embossed upon it. The rank is omitted to indicate that no life given was greater than another.

Early in 1920 it was decided to issue these plaques to the next of kin of Australian service men and women whose deaths were attributed to their participation in World War 1, and in 1922 the first of these memorials were sent from the Base Records Office at Victoria Barracks in Melbourne, Australia.

This plaque was made at the Woolwich Arsenal.

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Registration Number N7636
Classification CH classification COSTUME ACCESSORIES Jewellery brooch
CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil
Name or Title Sweetheart Badge
Production Date 1914-1918
History and Use

Sweetheart jewellery, as the name suggests, is jewellery that was presented by service personnel to their sweethearts such as wives and girlfriends. The items usually had a military flavour and could be commercially made, or made by service personnel from items they found in the field. The items became particularly popular during World War 1, and often included battalion emblems and colours.

This sweetheart badge shows the black over blue colours of the 25th Infantry Battalion AIF 1914-18, a Queensland battalion based in Toowoomba. Although its origins are unknown, it was most likely commercially made and purchased for presentation to the sweetheart of a soldier serving in that battalion.

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Registration Number N7637
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil
CH classification COSTUME ACCESSORIES Jewellery brooch
Name or Title Sweetheart Badge 26th Battalion AIF (1914-18)
History and Use

Sweetheart jewellery, as the name suggests, is jewellery that was presented by service personnel to their sweethearts such as wives and girlfriends. The items usually had a military flavour and could be commercially made, or made by service personnel from items they found in the field. The items became particularly popular during World War 1, and often included battalion emblems and colours.

This sweetheart badge is a copy of the official colour patch of the 26th Infantry Battalion AIF (1914-18), a largely Queensland battalion involved with the capture of the WW1 German A7V tank "Mephisto". Although the badge’s origins are unknown, it was most likely commercially made and purchased for presentation to the sweetheart of a soldier serving in that battalion.

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Registration Number H48880
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Letter, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 11 Jul 1917
History and Use

This document relates to the winner, a minor, of the first ever draw of the Golden Casket Art Union on 14 June 1917. This letter relates to the court ruling that the prize money of £5,000 ($10,000) be held in trust until 16-year-old John Zimmerle turned 21.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first prize in the first draw went to 16-year-old John Zimmerle, who had to wait until he was 21 until he could claim his £5,000 ($10,000). He used the proceeds to buy a farm at Rochedale, Brisbane, where he remained for most of his working life.
The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48879
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Letter, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 03 Jul 1917
History and Use

This document relates to the winner, a minor, of the first ever draw of the Golden Casket Art Union on 14 June 1917. This letter from 16-year-old John Zimmerle’s father relates to the court ruling that the prize money of £5,000 ($10,000) be held in trust until John turned 21.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first prize in the first draw went to 16-year-old John Zimmerle, who had to wait until he was 21 until he could claim his £5,000 ($10,000). He used the proceeds to buy a farm at Rochedale, Brisbane, where he remained for most of his working life.
The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48878
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Document, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 30 Jun 1917
History and Use

This document relates to the winner, a minor, of the first ever draw of the Golden Casket Art Union on 14 June 1917. This document ruled that 16-year-old John Zimmerle’s prize money of £5,000 ($10,000) be held in trust until he turned 21.

The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first prize in the first draw went to 16-year-old John Zimmerle, who had to wait until he was 21 until he could claim his £5,000 ($10,000). He used the proceeds to buy a farm at Rochedale, Brisbane, where he remained for most of his working life.

The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.

By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48886
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Document, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 19 Apr 1917
History and Use

This letter from the Qld Justice Department authorised the Golden Casket Art Union to hold a Get Rich Quick draw at Pomona in May 1917 in aid of the Anzac Cottages scheme.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48887
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Letter, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 26 Feb 1918
History and Use

This letter from the Qld Justice Department authorised the Golden Casket Art Union to hold a draw on or before August 1918 in aid of the Anzac Cottages scheme.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48888
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Letter, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 28 Mar 1918
History and Use

This letter dated March 1918 authorised the Golden Casket Art Union to hold a draw in aid of the Anzac Cottages scheme.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48891
Name or Title Booklet, Golden Casket Jubilee
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1967
History and Use

This booklet commemorates the Golden Casket Art Union’s 50th anniversary in 1967.

The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.

By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H43199
Classification CH classification HANDCRAFTS Sewing & Needlework Eqpt sewing kit
Name or Title Sewing Kit - "Housewife"
Production Place Australia
Production Date 1914-1945
History and Use

This sewing kit, or Housewife, is part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden. WS

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Registration Number H49338
Name or Title Certificate, Australian Commonwealth Military Forces
Production Date 1920
History and Use

This certificate was presented to World War 1 veteran Francis James Mouland on his return from active service. Many certificates like these were presented to returning soldiers by local authorities in recognition of their service. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

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Registration Number H48892
Name or Title Canvas bag, Commonwealth Bank
Production Place Queensland/Australia
History and Use

This Commonwealth Bank bag was used by the Golden Casket Art Union to hold the numbered wooden balls used in the early draws before mechanised methods were introduced in the early 1930s.

The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.

By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H2339
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Firearms revolver
Name or Title German Reichsrevolver M1879.
Production Place Germany
History and Use

The M1879 was used throughout the last two decades of the 19th century in numerous German colonial campaigns before it was replaced by a far more advanced pistol, the Luger P08 in 1908.

During the 1914 - 1918 War it remained in use with second line and colonial units.

Markings on this example indicate that it was made by V.C Schilling & Cie who supplied Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony.

The donor of this particular revolver, Lieut. A Eckersby, advised that it had been obtained following the capture of Damascus in 1918. His donation included a holster (H2469).

However, markings impressed into the pistol grip indicate that this issued to Germany's 63rd Regiment which only ever served on the Western Front.

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Registration Number H6134
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Firearms machine gun
Name or Title German MG08 machine gun
Production Place Germany
Production Date 1917
History and Use

Developed in the late 19th Century, the self-loading rapid-fire machinegun became the pre-eminent defensive battlefield weapon throughout the 1914 - 1918 War, especially when used in conjunction with artillery and wire entanglements.

British and German versions, known as the Vickers and Maxim MG08, respectively, could each fire 500 rounds per minute.

Like its British counterpart (the Vickers machine gun), the MG08 was also adapted during 1914-1918 for aircraft use and was still being used as a frontline weapon late in the twentieth century.

This particular weapon was captured by the 26th Battalion A.I.F. and presented - after the war - to the Woody Point (Queensland) community as a war trophy. It was later found, discarded in a swamp near Redcliffe.

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