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Registration Number H14359.66
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - troop transport
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.64
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - street scene, Salisbury
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.58
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - soldiers moving quarters
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.57
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - soldiers
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.65
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Clive Richard Balmer
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.62
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - street scene, Salisbury
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.61
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Salisbury Cathedral
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.59
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Salisbury Cathedral
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.60
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Salisbury Cathedral
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H24009
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Education braille board
Name or Title Braille Writer
Production Place England
Production Date 1950-1959
History and Use

This Banks Pocket Braille Writer was made by UK company V.L. Martin & Co. Ltd. The Banks Pocket Braille Writer was invented by American Dr Alfred Banks in the 1930s. This model was used by the Qld Braille Writing Association.

Braille writing dates from the Napoleonic wars of the early 1800s, when a system called night writing was developed to allow soldiers in Bonaparte’s French army to communicate safely at night. It was subsequently adapted by Frenchman Louis Braille into the alphabet used today.

By the late 1890s Queensland had its own Braille Writing Society, with the members transcribing books, often by hand. The need for services for the blind increased during and after World War 1 due to the number of returned servicemen who lost their sight as a result of their service.

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Registration Number H24007
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Education braille board
Name or Title Braille Slate
Production Place England
Production Date 1920-1929
History and Use

Dating from the 1920s, this braille slate was used by the Braille Writing Association of Brisbane. It was supplied by the British & Foreign Blind Association (since renamed the National Institution for the Blind), which was associated with St Dunstan's in London. St Dunstan's was set up to help veterans blinded as a result of their war service.

Braille writing dates from the Napoleonic wars of the early 1800s, when a system called night writing was developed to allow soldiers in Bonaparte’s French army to communicate safely at night. It was subsequently adapted by Frenchman Louis Braille into the alphabet used today.

By the late 1890s Queensland had its own Braille Writing Society, with the members transcribing books, often by hand.

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Registration Number H24008
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Education braille board
Name or Title Braille Shorthand Machine
Production Date 1930-1939
History and Use

This Matrix C.G.&T. Co braille shorthand machine was used by the Braille Writing Association of Brisbane. It was supplied by the Royal National Institute for the Blind, London. The need for services for the blind increased during and after World War 1 due to the number of returned servicemen who lost their sight as a result of their service.

Braille writing dates from the Napoleonic wars of the early 1800s, when a system called night writing was developed to allow soldiers in Bonaparte’s French army to communicate safely at night. It was subsequently adapted by Frenchman Louis Braille into the alphabet used today.

By the late 1890s Queensland had its own Braille Writing Society, with the members transcribing books, often by hand.

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Registration Number H24034
Classification CH classification COMMUNICATION Braille braille machine
CH classification DOCUMENTS Education braille board
Name or Title Braille Machine
Production Place England
History and Use

This Pyke Glauser braille writer was supplied by the National Institute for the Blind to the Qld Braille Writing Association, most likely in the 1930s.

Braille writing dates from the Napoleonic wars of the early 1800s, when a system called night writing was developed to allow soldiers in Bonaparte’s French army to communicate safely at night. It was subsequently adapted by Frenchman Louis Braille into the alphabet used today.

By the late 1890s Queensland had its own Braille Writing Society, with the members transcribing books, often by hand. The need for services for the blind increased during and after World War 1 due to the number of returned servicemen who lost their sight as a result of their service.

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Registration Number H10534
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Armour helmet
Name or Title Prussian pickelhaub Artillery
Production Place Germany
Production Date Pre 1919
History and Use

This Bavarian Model 1915 pickelhaube is missing its removable spike. Internal markings indicate associations with both the 1st battalion, 4th company of the 150th Infantry Regiment, and an unspecified a Maschinengewehr Kompanie (MGK).

This is part of the Father Leo Hayes Collection, which formerly belonged to University of Queensland Anthropology Museum.

A legacy of the early nineteenth century, the leather German Pickelhaube was found unsuitable for the demanding conditions of trench warfare offering no protection against shrapnel. Both Commonwealth and German forces introduced steel helmets after 1916.

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Registration Number H26981
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS License driving
Name or Title Army Driving Licence, Australian Military Forces
Production Date 1943
History and Use

This Australian Military Forces drivers licence was issued to Francis James Mouland in 1943.

It is part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

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Registration Number N42
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Commemorative Medallion
Name or Title Medallion, Children's Peace
Production Place Sydney/New South Wales/Australia
Production Date 1919
History and Use

‘Peace’ or ‘Victory’ medallions were issued after World War 1 to every child in Australia aged 0-14 years and up to 16 years if their parents were in the armed forces. The medallion was designed by Melbourne-based sculptor and painter Charles Douglas Richardson and red, white and blue striped ribbons and pins were supplied by the Department of Defence. The Department contracted the manufacture of the medallions to six companies: two in Melbourne, two in Sydney and one each in Brisbane and Adelaide.

The distribution of the medallions to an estimated 1.25 million eligible Australian children began in March 1919 with the intention that they be presented on or around the Australia-wide peace celebrations on 19 July that year. However, in those days of limited sea and land transport, this was not easy; the Peace Celebrations Committee in Brisbane received 247,000 medallions for distribution across the State just one week before 19 July and as a result children in more remote areas did not receive their medallions until well after the big day.

The peace celebrations were a major occasion throughout Australia. Many communities celebrated for up to a week with triumphal arches, decorated shopfronts, parades, fireworks, musical performances, sports carnivals and religious services. Not everybody supported such extravagances; some believed the resources devoted to the celebrations would be better spent on the welfare of returned soldiers and their dependents.

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Registration Number N6765
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil button badge
Name or Title Button Badge, Disabled Soldiers Appeal 1948
Production Date 1948
History and Use

This badge was produced for the Disabled Soldiers Appeal in 1948, just after World War 2. Both world wars and the many conflicts in the later part of the twentieth century – to say nothing of those around the world in the first decades of the twenty-first century – have all resulted in thousands of damaged servicemen and women needing treatment and care, often for the rest of their lives.

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Registration Number N6289
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil button badge
Name or Title Button Badge. St Georges Day 1918
Production Date 1918
History and Use

This badge reads “St George's Day / 23rd April 1918 / St. George for England”. On that same day the St George’s Day Raid occurred during World War 1. The raid was a British naval action against German submarine bases on the Belgian coast. Although the raid was not a great success, it provided useful propaganda to renew public faith in the British Navy.

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Registration Number N7150
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (COINS AND TOKENS) Tokens dog tag
Name or Title Australian Army dog tags
Production Date 1939-1945
History and Use

These dog tags were provided to Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) member and World War 1 veteran Francis James Mouland during World War 2. So-named because of their resemblance to animal registration tags, 'dog tags' are primarily used for the identification of dead and wounded soldiers. They have personal information about the soldier's essential basic medical information, such as blood type, and history of inoculations. The tags often indicate religious preference as well. Dog tags are also usually fabricated from a corrosion-resistant material.

They commonly contain two copies of the information, either in the form of a single tag that can be broken in half or two identical tags on the same chain. This duplication allows one tag (or half-tag) to be collected from a soldier's body for notification and the second to remain with the corpse when battle conditions prevent it from being immediately recovered.

These dog tags are part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

It was not uncommon for WW1 veterans to re-enlist during WW2, most being retained for garrison (i.e., mainland) home defence duties.

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Registration Number N7148.1
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Military
Name or Title Collar Badge
Production Date 1940-1945
History and Use

This collar badge was provided to Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) member Francis James Mouland during World War 2.

It is part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

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Registration Number N7153
Classification CH classification COSTUME Uniforms Military unisex
Name or Title Epaulette Badge
History and Use

This badge is part of a collection relating to the World War 1 and 2 service of Francis James Mouland, and the World War 2 service of Ellen Margaret Mouland nee Swan. Francis James Mouland enlisted in 1917, returning to Queensland in 1919 after active service in France. Two of his three brothers also served in the War; the Mouland family was one of the fortunate ones where all sons returned home, having survived the War. Francis went on to join the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) in World War 2, and his wife Ellen joined an Air Raid Precautions team (ARP) as an Air Raid Warden.

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Registration Number H41883
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Invitations
CH classification MILITARY Army
Name or Title Letter - re. opening of Kenmore War Memorial
Production Date 30 Jun 1920
History and Use

This letter invites Mrs Sullivan to the unveiling of the Kenmore war memorial in June 1920. Mrs Sullivan's 18-year-old son George was killed during World War 1’s Battle of Romani in 1916. The Lighthorseman's widowed mother spent the next decade corresponding with the War Office, sorting out her son’s affairs. The family kept this correspondence for many years, finally donating it to the Queensland Museum in 1983. Medallions, photographs and grave information from the military and government often provided all the information families ever had about the deaths of family members.

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Registration Number H41874.1
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS Letters personal
CH classification MILITARY Army
Name or Title Letter - from Pte Sullivan to his mother
Production Date 09 Jul 1916
History and Use

This letter was written by 18-year-old Lighthorseman George Sullivan to his widowed mother about a month before he was fatally wounded during World War 1’s Battle of Romani in 1916. His widowed mother spent the next decade corresponding with the War Office, sorting out her son’s affairs. The family kept this correspondence for many years, finally donating it to the Queensland Museum in 1983. Medallions, photographs and grave information from the military and government often provided all the information families ever had about the deaths of family members.

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Registration Number H49377
Classification CH classification COSTUME Daywear unisex
CH classification CIVIC MEMENTOES Souvenirs
Name or Title Green T-shirt - souvenir Gallipoli Centenary 2015
Production Place Turkey
Production Date 2015
History and Use

This souvenir was collected with a number of others in Turkey in April 2015 during the ANZAC Day centenary commemorative service. It was one of many souvenirs available for purchase at the commemorative site of ANZAC Cove for people attending the ANZAC Day ceremony.

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Registration Number H49372
Classification CH classification CIVIC MEMENTOES Souvenirs
CH classification FINE ARTS Paintings
CH classification TOURISM
CH classification PACKAGES AND CONTAINERS Bag
Name or Title Canvas tote bag - souvenir Gallipoli Centenary 2015
Production Place Turkey
Production Date 2015
History and Use

This souvenir was collected with a number of others in Turkey in April 2015 during the ANZAC Day centenary commemorative service. It was one of many souvenirs available for purchase at the commemorative site of ANZAC Cove for people attending the ANZAC Day ceremony.

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