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Registration Number H14359.53
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Avon River, Amesbury
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.91
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.92
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.93
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.90
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.94
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - soldiers and gun
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.88
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Clive Richard Balmer artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.89
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - Clive Richard Balmer artillery training
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.95
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - two soldiers
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H14359.87
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Albums negative album
Name or Title Photographic negative - country scene, England
Production Date 1917
History and Use

This is one of ca.100 images from an album owned by Gunner Clive Richard Balmer and dated 5 June 1917. Balmer enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces in October 1916 and travelled to England on the Osterley in early 1917. He spent about four months in artillery training camp at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plains before arriving in France in August 1917. His album includes images of him and his fellow Australian soldiers on the Osterley at Fremantle, Cape Town and England, undergoing training at Larkhill, and during visits to surrounding locations including Stonehenge, Salisbury, Amesbury, Durrington and London.

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Registration Number H22489
Classification CH classification PHOTOGRAPHS Group commemorative
Name or Title Monochrome Photograph - Golden Casket Drawing No 3
Production Date 1933
History and Use

This image depicts the third draw of the Golden Casket Lottery using its new mechanical gaming machine. The draw was in July 1933.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first draw was in June 1917. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H22374
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Badges Civil legacy badge
Name or Title Legacy Ribbon
History and Use

This ribbon was worn by an official fundraiser for Legacy, an organisation that has worked for the welfare of the families of servicemen and women since World War 1. First established in Melbourne in 1925, the Queensland organisation was formed three years later in 1928.

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Registration Number H24035
Classification CH classification AUDIO-VISUAL TECHNOLOGY Audio Accessories audio cassette
Name or Title Tape Talking Book
Production Place England
Production Date 1960s
History and Use

This Clark & Smith talking book machine dates from the 1960s, although the technology was developed in the 1920s. Clark & Smith began developing talking book machines in the 1950s and production began ca.1960.

It was used by the Qld Braille Writing Association. Queensland’s first braille writing associations date from the 1890s. The need for services for the blind increased during and after both world wars due to the number of returned servicemen who lost their sight as a result of their service.

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Registration Number H1632
Classification CH classification COSTUME woman
CH classification COSTUME Mourning woman
Name or Title Bonnet - Victorian era mourning
Production Date 1885
History and Use

This bonnet is an example of mourning attire that was fashionable in the early 20th century, when Victorian mourning rituals were still the norm in Western Europe and within the European population in Australia. There were strict rules about dress, behaviour and the length of mourning. As the First World War progressed these rituals were reshaped by an expectation that mourners display their pride rather than their sorrow for their loved one’s sacrifice. While many people still wore their good black dress to any service or funeral, women in particular were encouraged to not wear black for an extended period, as it was believed that the number of widows wearing black would harm the community attitude to the war effort and recruitment.

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Registration Number H5257
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ordnance ammunition breach loading
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ordnance projectile
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Ordnance shell
CH classification MILITARY Army battlefield souvenirs
Name or Title Boer War Nordenfeldt QF 1-pounder pom-pom cartridge and projectile with emblem of the Transvaal Republic scratched into shell.

Base stamps indicate it was manufactured by Vickers Son & Maxim.
Production Date 1870-1910
History and Use

Developed in the late nineteenth century the QF (quick firing) 1 pounder, universally known as the pom-pom due to the sound of its discharge, was the world’s first autocannon.

Britain and Germany both used 37 mm pom poms during the South African Boer Wars (1899 - 1902), and again during the 1914 - 1918 war.

This Nordenfeldt QF 1 pounder pom-pom catridge and projectile - featuring a crudely engraved emblem of the Transvaal Republic - is thought to have been souvenired by one the estimated 16,000 Australians who fought in the Boer wars.

The base markings on this example indicate that it was made by the Bristish munitions manufacturer Vickers Son & Maxim.

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Registration Number H5227
Classification CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR Edged weapons knife ~ dagger
CH classification MILITARY Army battlefield souvenirs
CH classification COMMERCE Office Equipment letter opener
Name or Title WW1 Trench Art Knife or Letter Opener
Production Date Post 1915
History and Use

This knife or letter opener is an example of trench art from World War 1. The knife bears the inscription ‘1914 YPRES 1916’ engraved along one side of the blade.

Trench art is the name given to objects made from materials of war by soldiers, prisoners of war and civilians during and after armed conflict. Some items were made to be sold while others were made as personal mementoes.

Trench art encompasses a great variety of forms. This trench art knife comprises a double edged blade with a handle constructed from one piece of shell fragment. Its maker is unknown but presumably it was made to memorialise action near Ypres in Belgium.

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Registration Number N54
Classification CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Commemorative Medallion
Name or Title Medallion, Prince of Wales visit to Australia Medallion
History and Use

This badge dates from the visit of Edward, Prince of Wales, to Australia in 1920. The Prince was visiting on behalf of his father, King George V, to thank Australians for the sacrifices they had made during World War 1. In those days of intense loyalty to the British Empire, the Prince attracted large crowds wherever he went during his five-month visit, and this badge would have been available as a memento of the visit. Most of the towns and cities the Prince visited decorated their buildings and streets with arches and the very popular illuminations (lighting) of buildings. He spent most of August in Queensland, where he attended a range of events and functions, including opening the 44th Exhibition of the Queensland National Association in Brisbane, known today as the Ekka.

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Registration Number R731
Classification CH classification CIVIC MEMENTOES Honour Boards
Name or Title Honour Board made for the Engine Drivers, Firemen and Cleaners Association, (E.F & CA)
Production Place Ipswich/South East/Queensland/Australia
Production Date 1919
History and Use

This Honour Board was hung at the North Ipswich Roundhouse to honour those members of the Engine Drivers, Firemen & Cleaners Association (later the Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen) who served during the Great War 1914-1919. The Honour Board was saved and removed to the RSL North Ipswich Branch when the locomotive depot was closed. It was later presented to Queensland Railways for their historical collection.

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Registration Number H48881
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Document, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date Jul 1917
History and Use

This Queensland Government Savings Bank passbook was used by the Golden Casket Art Union from July 1917.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first prize in the first draw went to 16-year-old John Zimmerle, who had to wait until he was 21 until he could claim his £5,000 ($10,000). He used the proceeds to buy a farm at Rochedale, Brisbane, where he remained for most of his working life.
The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48890
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Receipt, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 04 Jul 1917
History and Use

This receipt relates to the winner, a minor, of the first ever draw of the Golden Casket Art Union on 14 June 1917. The prize money of £5,000 ($10,000) was held in trust until 16-year-old John Zimmerle turned 21. The receipt is signed by John Zimmerle’s father, Jacob Zimmerle.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H48883
Classification CH classification DOCUMENTS
Name or Title Document, Golden Casket Art Union
Production Place Queensland/Australia
Production Date 15 Aug 1917
History and Use

This document relates to the second prize winner, a minor, of the first ever draw of the Golden Casket Art Union on 14 June 1917. Joyce Morris won £1,000 ($2,000), which was held in trust until she turned 21.
The Golden Casket Lottery was first conceived during World War 1 by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund to raise funds for veterans of the War. The first five Golden Casket Art Unions raised £24,138 for the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Fund and £37,115 for the building of Anzac Cottages for war widows and their families.
By 1920 the Golden Casket had evolved into Australia’s first government-run lottery. Over the years, the proceeds have gone to numerous causes, and many of Queensland's existing hospitals and health services have benefited from funds raised by the Golden Casket. On 29 June 2007 Golden Casket Lottery Corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of Tattersall's Limited.

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Registration Number H22487
Classification CH classification RECREATIONS Gambling lottery
Name or Title Numbered Wooden Balls
Production Date Pre 14 Jun 1917
History and Use

These numbered wooden balls are associated with the first two draws of the Golden Casket Art Union. The first draw was held in Queensland on 14 June 1917. The idea for the art union was proposed by the Entertainment Committee of the Queensland Patriotic Fund in 1916, during World War 1, with the aim of raising funds for the rehabilitation and repatriation of returned Australian sailors and soldiers.

Although art unions were a common method of fund-raising for charity during early 20th Century Australia, the Golden Casket art union was seen as different due to the extraordinarily large amount of prize money that was offered. First prize for the first Casket was £5,000 and the total prize money was £10,000. To compare, the average salary of a male in Queensland in 1917 was £2 to £3 per week.

The first Casket took 17 weeks to fill and people from most major cities around Australia could apply for a ticket. The draw took place in the Brisbane Stadium at 2’o’clock and the event was attended by a large crowd including select dignitaries, members of the press and the public.

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Registration Number H6453
Classification CH classification MILITARY
CH classification ARMS & ARMOUR
Name or Title Webley Mark VI revolver
Production Date 1915-1923
History and Use

Between 1914 and 1918 more than 310,000 Mark VI revolvers were manufactured for use by the armed services.

The serial number on this particular weapon indicates it was manufactured in 1916. Although replaced in the early 1930’s by the Enfield .38" revolver, the Mark VI was still used by some British officers during the 1939 - 1945 War, and by some members of the Australian Army in the Vietnam War.

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Registration Number H9188
Classification CH classification COMMUNICATION Telegraphic morse key
Name or Title Straight telegraph key
Production Date 1906-1926
History and Use

Battlefields were criss-crossed with closed-circuit wireline networks for both morse telegraphy and voice telephony.

Although the latter was vulnerable to eavesdropping, it was increasingly favoured ahead of morse code which was slower, and dependent on the availability of trained operators.

This straight telegraph key was donated by David James Garland whose father, Canon David John Garland, is well known in Queensland for having assisted with establishing the annual Anzac ceremony.

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Registration Number R5965
Classification CH classification TRANSPORT Railways steam locomotive
Name or Title Narrow Gauge Steam Locomotive- British War Office 327
Production Place Leeds/West Yorkshire/England
Production Date 1916
History and Use

Hunslet tank locomotive No. 1239, a 2 ft gauge steam locomotive, was built in Leeds in 1916 for use in France during the First World War. It was one of 115 locomotives built by the Hunslet Engine Company between 1916 and 1919 for the British War Office. Hundreds of locomotives from British and American manufacturers, together with thousands of wagons, were supplied as part of the war effort. 1239 was allocated the running number 327 by the War Office.

Maintaining essential supplies to the front lines during the period of trench warfare on the Western Front was an extremely difficult operation. Early trucks and horse-drawn wagons proved inadequate to move the tonnages of supplies required. In 1916, the British Army was finally convinced to commission specially built 60 cm gauge light railways to transport food and ammunition from standard gauge railheads located away from the Front to forward positions. Hunslet locomotives were therefore commissioned.

These locomotives were expected to have a very short working life but many survived to undertake post-war service and Hunslet locomotives were used, amongst other things, for the evacuation of wounded and post-war reconstruction.

Despite the short life expectancy, in 1920 Hunslet No. 1239 was one of fifteen Hunslet tank locomotives transported to Queensland after the war. It was sold to the Queensland Government for use at North Eton mill. During its service in the sugar industry, Hunslet No. 1239 underwent a number of modifications, including extending the smokebox and removing the rear spectacle plate. It was decommissioned in 1964 and placed as a static exhibit in a local park at Eton in Queensland.

Hunslet No. 1239 was donated to the Museum by Mackay Sugar Co-operative in 2005.

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