German gallantry award certificate

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Object detail

Framed certificate with German writing and drawing of German soldiers. Frame also contains ribbon and is believed to have been part of an Iron Cross. Includes separate piece of paper with handwritten translation of certificate.
DOCUMENTS Certificates
Frame 341 x 272 x 10 mm
Media/Materials description
Certificate: Support: wove, beige brown coloured paper. Medium: Black printing ink. Sepia ink handwriting. Black ink stamp (Very faded). Ribbon black and yellow. Backing board: low quality pulp board. Window mount: Low quality pulp board with black bevel cut. Frame: Narrow dark brown timber frame , with glass. The letter is wove low quality bond paper. Medium pencil
History and use
The Certificate records the award of an Iron Cross (2nd class) to Musketeer Wilhelm Stenghorn of the German 87th Regiment, 12th Company. The award is dated 28th August 28, 1918, and is signed by the commanding officer of the 222nd Infantry Regiment. The certificate was one of several battlefield souvenirs collected by Francis Joseph Brewer during World War 1.

A journalist from Bondi, New South Wales, Francis Brewer saw active service in France and in 1918 was shot in the ankle, an injury which eventually led to him being returned to Australia. Like many soldiers, he collected souvenirs, many of which he posted home to his family. He also kept a journal throughout the War (allegedly sold for 50 pounds during the depression years) which is now held in the Mitchell Library.

On his return to Australia, Francis continued his work as a journalist covering politics and court proceedings. He also authored several publications including ‘All About War Gratuity : instructions how to get it, together with a gratuity ready reckoner; Australian handbook for nurses, sailors, soldiers and dependants’ and ‘Sixty-six years of municipal government’ for the Brisbane Council.
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