Badge, First World War (WW1).

Production date
1914-1919
Country
Australia
State/Province
New South Wales
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Object Detail


Description
A crowned gilt bronze badge originally with two lugs on back. The lugs are missing and a long pin has been soldered to the back. The obverse has the rising sun behind a crown; below on ribbon, AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES; below, A.I.F; around, ISSUED BY DEPT. OF DEFENCE . RETURNED FROM ACTIVE SERVICE. The reverse has been stamped, 10421 and has the maker's name, AMOR / SYDNEY.
Classification
CH classification NUMISMATICS (MEDALS AND OTHER) Military Medals ww1
Measurements
L68 x W28 x H5 mm
Media/Materials description
Gilt bronze.
Signature/Marks
AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES / A.I.F / ISSUED BY DEPT. OF DEFENCE . RETURNED FROM ACTIVE SERVICE
10421 \ AMOR \ SYDNEY
History and use
This Returned from Active Service badge belonged to World War 1 veteran Francis Joseph Brewer. Shoulder title badges were worn by all ranks of the military. During World War One, non-uniform men or men in civilian clothes were sometimes perceived to be cowards or shirkers.
Supported by the government, the men were issued badges marking, at a glance, their willing participation or their unsuccessful attempts at enlistment. Commemorative badges were also introduced for female relatives, reflecting the service and sacrifice made by families.

A journalist from Bondi, New South Wales, Francis Brewer saw active service in France and in 1918 was shot in the ankle, an injury which eventually led to him being returned to Australia. Like many soldiers, he collected souvenirs, many of which he posted home to his family. He also kept a journal throughout the War (allegedly sold for 50 pounds during the depression years) which is now held in the Mitchell Library.

On his return to Australia, Francis continued his work as a journalist covering politics and court proceedings. He also authored several publications including ‘All About War Gratuity : instructions how to get it, together with a gratuity ready reckoner; Australian handbook for nurses, sailors, soldiers and dependants’ and ‘Sixty-six years of municipal government’ for the Brisbane Council.
Registration number
N7773

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