Patent Document and Seal

Production date
11 Dec 1873
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Object detail

Description
Patent document and seal for a Self-Locking Door Latch for a Railway Carriage. Large format paper document with a handwritten text and a yellow wax seal attached to it by a plaited rope. The document appears to be in excellent condition but the seal is broken.
Classification
CH classification TRANSPORT Railways carriage fitting
CH classification DOCUMENTS
Production date
11 Dec 1873
Measurements
Document: L777 x W523
Wax seal: D58
Seal tin: D74
Media/Materials description
Paper, wax, fabric, tin
Signature/Marks
21 PATENT 5\FIVE\POUNDS\74
6 PATENT 12\ONE\HINDRED\POUNDS\80
9 PATENT 12\FIFTY\POUNDS\76
Victoria by the Grace of God\of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Queen Defender of the Faith. To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting Whereas James Maxwell of Dundee in the County of Horfar North Britan Clerk hath by this Petition humbly represented unto Us that he is in possession\of an Invention for "Improvements in locks or fastenings applicable to Railway carriage doors and otherwise...<text omitted>... In witness whereof We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent this eleventh day of December One thousand eight\hundred and seventy three in the thirty seventh year of Our Reign and to be sealed as of the said eleventh day of December One thousand eight hundred and seventy three\By Warrant
No 4084 23
James Maxwell\Note. - See Conditions in this Grant as to\Filing the Specification.\Stamping and Producing Patent within\Three Years\D [?] within Seven Years". Written in pencil: "Davies Hunt\5 Pale Street
Davies Hunt\5 Pale Street
I hereby Certify that the within\written Letters Patent were produced and\registered at the Office of the Com-\missioners of Patents for Inventions\on this 6th day of December\1880 properly Stamped with a Stamp\duty of One Hundred pounds persuant to\the Art 16 Vic. C.5\H Reader Lack [handwritten]\Clerk of the Commissioners
I hereby Certify that the within\written Letters Patent were produced\ and registered at the Office of the Com-\missioners of Patents for Inventions\on this ninth day of December\1876 properly Stamped with a Stamp\duty of Fifty pounds persuant to the Art\ 16 Vic. C.5\H Reader Lack [handwritten]\Clerk of the Commissioners
REGINA FIDEI DEFENSOR VICTORIA
History and use
This patent document and seal is for a self-locking latch for railway carriages. The device was patented in 1876 by James Maxwell in Scotland. James Maxwell was retired and in his 70s at the time he invented the device. James Maxwell had a son, David Maxwell, who immigrated to Ballarat to take up the position of Head Engineer of the Ballarat Power Station in 1910. The patent was handed down through the family.

The patent document and seal were donated to The Workshops Rail Museum by Sue Brown, James Maxwell's great great granddaughter.
Associated person
Registration number
R6049

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