Papua New Guinea
East New Britain
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During the dance, the appropriate spirit is summoned by the rhythmic beating of bamboo and the sound of chanting. The spirit is introduced as the dancers emerge one by one from the bush. Such spirits, though dangerous, are perceived as ‘guests’, to spend a night in the village to propitiate them so that they may then be driven off.
Following the masked festivities, the dancers are then dismissed from the dance arena by special songs and the dance ground is ritually cleansed. The masks, with some exceptions, are then torn up when their dancers have taken leave.