Concertina in Box

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Object detail

Hexagonal musical concertina with 21 buttons and leather hand straps. Concertina comes in wooden hexagonal box with faux Moroccan leather covering (damaged) and hinged sides.Hexagonal lid has damaged cotton or canvas strap, with faux leather covering worn away. Portable reed organ consisting of two wooden, inlaid hexagonal casings (each containing a small button keyboard) connected by bellows coated in decorative black, white and gold paper.
CH classification MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Wind concertina
Production date
Production place
L170 x W185 x H210 mm
Media/Materials description
Wood, paper, cotton, bone, leather, metal
Lachenal & Co \ Patent Concertina \ Manufacturers \ London
<On paper coating on underside of box lid> Your \ [indecipherable text]
History and use
Invented in the early 19th century, the concertina's popularity waned in the early 20th century in the wake of the accordion. Its most prominent historical and contempory use is in the performance of various Western folk music.

This is a German or Anglo concertina, distinguished by the fact that it sounds different degrees of the diatonic scale on the extension and compression of the bellows. (The English type has a fuller range, sounding the same note of the chromatic scale on both the extension and compression of the bellows). This was made by one of the most well-known concertina makers in England, Louis Lachenal, who worked for Wheatstone & Co. before establishing his own business circa 1850. Lachenal & Co. was in operation until 1936.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.
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