Violin, bowed handle necked lute with four strings that run from the tuning pegs parallel to the ebony fingerboard over a bridge and are attached at the bottom to a tail piece. The box resonator is waisted in shape with two soundholes (f-holes) cut into the soundboard on either side of the bridge.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS String violin
L583 x W200 x H98 mm
Sebastian Dalinger Lauten und Geigenmacher in Wien 17--
History and use
This violin was played in an Austrian orchestra that toured Australia during the mid-1800's, and was later played by A.G. Fleischmann in the Ipswich Concert Society Orchestra in the 1930's. One of the most prominent solo, ensemble and orchestral instruments in Western art music, the violin as it is known today was developed in early 16th century Europe. It was and is widely used in art and folk genres throughout Europe and the Western world. It was also introduced and subsequently modified in parts of Asia and the Americas.
To play, the violin is held under the chin with the scroll pointing laterally outward from the body. The left hand stops the strings to define the pitches while the right hand activates the strings with a bow. The strings may also be plucked or hit with the bow-frame.