Hammond Multiplex Typewriter

Production date
1915
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Object Detail


Description
Hammond Multiplex Typewriter, in original carrying case, with eight extra type shuttles in various scripts and sundry clips, springs. etc. Three booklets. (1) Descriptive Booklet "The Multiplex Hammond Typewriters". (2) Price List of Parts (poor condition). (3) Hammond Types Booklet. Edition July 1917. (poor condition)
Classification
CH classification COMMERCE Office Machinery typewriter
Measurements
L330 W330 H190 mm, in closed case.
Media/Materials description
Steel, rubber, Bakelite, wood.
Signature/Marks
HAMMOND TYPEWRITER FOR ALL NATIONS AND TONGUES
MULTIPLEX
MADE IN USA \ HAMMOND
THE HAMMOND TYPEWRITER CO LTD \ LONDON E.C.
AL211489
HAMMOND TYPE SHUTTLE \ No \ No oil should be used on the shuttle.
History and use
In 1913 these models of Hammond typewriters signalled a major improvement in word processing. By 1913 the straight keyboard and the QWERTY key configuration were the standards for typewriters. Differing from the standard approach, these are a rare type of technological construction. The type shuttle, a semi-circular piece of hard rubber with the letters imprinted on the surface, is mounted on a rotating turret. When a key is struck the turret turns to bring the right letter in alignment with the paper, where a spring loaded hammer mounted behind the paper drives the paper into contact with the letter.
There were many versions released at the same time but one of the major technical developments was the swinging sector that allowed two types of shuttles to be connected to the machine at the same time. By rotating the shuttle holder 180 degrees the type font could be changed very quickly. Hundreds of shuttles covered all languages, alphabets and types.
The donor of this typewriter, Mr A.V. Kozloff, was a Greek businessman who purchased the typewriter in 1925. Kozloff travelled through the Middle East, United States of America and Queensland, and his typewriter travelled with him. Donated with the typewriter were plate shields in: Russian, Greek, American, French, English Italics and others.

Uploaded to the Web 27 May 2011.
Registration number
H18442

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