Portion of pavement, comprised of five indvidual large brown-red pottery tessera (c20/25mm square) set in coarse matrix. Irregular edges.
ARCHAEOLOGY Roman masonry fragment
Circa 2 CE
L70mm x W65mm x D34mm (total)
Each tesserae L20/25mm x W 20-25mm x D 20m square
History and use
Floor mosaics made of tesserae (small stone cubes) provided a personalised decorative element to buildings. Black tiles on white backgrounds became popular and quickly spread from Ancient Rome. The 4th century AD saw mosaics transform, with hunting and mythological scenes and floral and geometric designs common. Floor mosaics declined with the advent of wall mosaics around the 6th century AD. Designs could be made using a pattern book, and floors could either be laid in place or using pre-made sections in large square frames.