5500 BCE-3100 BCE
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Pottery vessel made of fired clay, complete or fragmented
Inclusions to make the clay less sticky, reduce shrinkage, increase resistance to thermal shock and strength prior to firing.
Queensland Museum holds a selection of pottery from the ancient Egyptian city of Esna. This archaeologically significant group of pottery came from a large cemetery, where the deceased were buried with goods for use in the afterlife. 385 tombs were excavated by John Garstang and assistant E. Harold Jones in 1905, under the auspices of the Service de Antiquities on behalf of the University of Liverpool. To support the excavations Garstang assembled excavation committees of wealthy donors who provided funds for his fieldwork in Egypt. In return for their donations committee members received a selection of the best objects from the excavations. More than 2000 pieces of pottery were excavated, and tombs also containing funeral stelae, beads, shells, scarabs, other small objects.