Jar

Production date
1550 BCE-1069 BCE
Country
Egypt
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Object Detail


Description
Brown reddish coloured paste earthenware ovaloid shaped jar made of Nile Silt clay with a straight pointed rim which is chipped, and flat crudely made base. The body of the vessel has evidence of 'wheel' marks, with large blackened areas and finger marks indentations at the base of the jar and a small rectangular hole (post-firing), in the middle of the vessel.
Classification
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Egyptian pot
Production place
Measurements
H259mm x W131mm x D131mm
Media/Materials description
Pottery, Nile Silt
Signature/Marks
<105E>
History and use
One of the most important uses of clay in Ancient Egypt was the production of pottery vessels. Pottery manufacture goes back some 5000 years, and vessels include those used for everyday cooking and domestic purposes, storage of cosmetics and oils, storage and transport of food and drink, and use in temple and funerary rituals. Most pottery is plain and utilitarian, however Egyptian potters were highly skilled and produced vessels decorated with elaborate designs, with a variety of vessel shapes.

Queensland Museum holds a selection of pottery from the ancient Egyptian city of Esna. This archaeologically significant group of pottery came from a large cemetery, where the deceased were buried with goods for use in the afterlife. 385 tombs were excavated by John Garstang and assistant E. Harold Jones in 1905, under the auspices of the Service de Antiquities on behalf of the University of Liverpool. To support the excavations Garstang assembled excavation committees of wealthy donors who provided funds for his fieldwork in Egypt. In return for their donations committee members received a selection of the best objects from the excavations. More than 2000 pieces of pottery were excavated, and tombs also containing funeral stelae, beads, shells, scarabs, other small objects.
Associated person
Registration number
H770

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