Portion of a tesserae floor or pavement. Approxmiately 36 stone squares are set in a white to greyish- pink mortar to form a pavement (floor).
CH classification ARCHAEOLOGY Roman masonry fragment
L102mm x W120mm x D40mm
History and use
Floor mosaics made of tesserae (small stone cubes) provided a personalised decorative element to buildings. Black tiles on white backgrounds became popular and quickly spread from Ancient Rome. The 4th century AD saw mosaics transform, with hunting and mythological scenes and floral and geometric designs common. Floor mosaics declined with the advent of wall mosaics around the 6th century AD. Designs could be made using a pattern book, and floors could either be laid in place or using pre-made sections in large square frames. The coarsness of the tesserae suggest this is from a plain functional hard wearing floor rather than decorative element. This portion was collected from Rome in 1903.