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Name Summary Subject categories
Bullrout, Notesthes robusta. © Queensland Museum, Bruce Cowell. Bullrout
Bullrout are responsible for most fish stings that occur in upper tidal reaches and freshwaters of New South Wales and Queensland. The venomous fin spines can cause painful wounds. They are an ambush predator of small fish and crustaceans, hiding amongst snags and aquatic plants.
Fish
Eastern Long-necked Turtle, Chelodina longicollis. © Queensland Museum, Gary Cranitch. Freshwater turtles
Freshwater turtles are commonly seen in most Queensland waterways. Some species have long, snake-like necks, others are short-necked. Unlike the sea turtles and many foreign freshwater turtles, the Australian chelids fold their necks side-ways under the protective edge of the shell (pleurodirous). They have clawed, webbed feet and many species have distinct barbels on the chin.
Reptiles
Turtles
Plumbago Blue, Leptotes plinius, underside of pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum. Plumbago Blue
The Plumbago Blue butterfly is rarely found far from Plumbago plants. The flattened green caterpillars feed on the buds and flowers. It occurs in Eastern Australia from north of Cooktown, Qld, to Wollongong, NSW.
Insects
Butterflies
Evening Brown, Melanitis leda, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum. Evening Brown
The Evening Brown butterfly is rests on the ground during the day and flies at dusk. The green caterpillars have horned heads and feed on a variety of grasses.
Insects
Butterflies
Carpet Snake, Morelia spilota. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Carpet Snake or Carpet Python
Carpet snakes are extremely variable in colour and pattern. Most specimens are olive green, with pale, dark-edged blotches, stripes or cross-bands. This species is widespread and found throughout northern, eastern and southern Australia.
Snakes
Cane Toad, Rhinella marina, showing large venom glands behind the ear and typically warty skin. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Cane Toad
Cane Toads have tough, leathery skin with a distinctly warty appearance. They are native to North, Central and South America and were introduced to Queensland to control cane beetles.
Toads
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