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Name Summary Subject categories
Common Crow, Euploea corinna, pinned adult male specimen. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Garden Butterflies
Butterflies are common visitors to backyards and a wide variety of species drop in to feed on nectar from blossoms. Some are regular garden-dwellers, their caterpillars feeding on widely-grown garden plants or street trees. A few species are even pests of citrus, palms and vegetables.
Insects
Butterflies
Dainty Swallowtail, Papilio anactus, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Dainty Swallowtail
The Dainty Swallowtail butterfly has black wings with white spots and patches; row of red spots bordering hindwings. It is widespread in eastern Australia from Qld south to Adelaide, SA.
Insects
Butterflies
Common Green Treefrog Common Green Treefrog
The Common Green Treefrog is a large species. It is bright to dull green with a rounded head. It is widespread through northern and eastern Australia.
Frogs
Tusked Frog Tusked Frog
The Tusked Frog is medium sized. It is back is brown with dark blotches. It is found in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales.
Frogs
Common Crow, Euploea corinna, pinned adult male specimen. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Common Crow
The Common Crow butterfly is found in open forest and woodland. It is widespread across northern and eastern Australia. In Brisbane gardens, they feed mostly on oleanders and figs.
Insects
Butterflies
Orange Palmdart, Cephrenes augiades, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum. Orange Palmdart
The Orange Palmdart is found in rainforest, suburban gardens and nurseries with palms. It is widespread across northern and eastern Australia. Caterpillars are pale green with banded heads. They feed on palms, sewing adjacent leaflets together to form feeding retreats. When the caterpillars pupate inside the same shelter they produce a whitish floury deposit.
Insects
Butterflies
Cabbage White, Pieris rapae, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Cabbage White
The Cabbage White butterfly has white wings with creamy yellow undersides. It is found throughout Australia. Caterpillars are pale green with a thin yellowish line down the back. It is a pest of cruciferous crops such as cabbages, cauliflower and broccoli.
Insects
Butterflies
Plumbago Blue, Leptotes plinius, underside of pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum. Plumbago Blue
The Plumbago Blue butterfly is rarely found far from Plumbago plants. The flattened green caterpillars feed on the buds and flowers. It occurs in Eastern Australia from north of Cooktown, Qld, to Wollongong, NSW.
Insects
Butterflies
Blue Triangle, Graphium choredon, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Blue Triangle
The Blue Triangle butterfly has triangular wings each with a central pale blue area bordered with dark brown. It is found in eastern coastal Qld and NSW.
Insects
Butterflies
Orchard Swallowtail, Papilio aegeus, pinned adult female specimen. © Queensland Museum. Orchard Swallowtail
The Orchard Swallowtail butterfly is widespread in northern and eastern Australia.
Insects
Butterflies
Evening Brown, Melanitis leda, pinned adult specimen. © Queensland Museum. Evening Brown
The Evening Brown butterfly is rests on the ground during the day and flies at dusk. The green caterpillars have horned heads and feed on a variety of grasses.
Insects
Butterflies
Porcupinefish, Diodon sp., swimbladder. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Porcupinefish Swimbladder
These strange leathery objects found occasionally on beaches are special internal organs of the porcupinefish. They are found throughout the Indo-west Pacific region, with ten species known from Queensland.
Fish
Estuarine Stonefish, Synanceia horrida. © Queensland Museum. Estuarine Stonefish
Stonefish are the most venomous of all fishes. They are found throughout shallow coastal waters of the northern half of Australia. Stonefish are extremely well camouflaged and often almost indistinguishable from their natural surrounds. The venomous dorsal fin spines can cause extremely painful wounds and other serious medical issues.
Fish
Bullrout, Notesthes robusta. © Queensland Museum, Bruce Cowell. Bullrout
Bullrout are responsible for most fish stings that occur in upper tidal reaches and freshwaters of New South Wales and Queensland. The venomous fin spines can cause painful wounds. They are an ambush predator of small fish and crustaceans, hiding amongst snags and aquatic plants.
Fish
Cane Toad, Rhinella marina, showing large venom glands behind the ear and typically warty skin. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Cane Toad
Cane Toads have tough, leathery skin with a distinctly warty appearance. They are native to North, Central and South America and were introduced to Queensland to control cane beetles.
Toads
The Striped Marshfrog, Limnodynastes peronii. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Striped Marshfrog
The Striped Marshfrog is light brown to grey-brown and marked with bold, dark longitudinal stripes. It is widespread in coastal eastern Australia and also occurs in Tasmania.
Frogs
Female Cyrtophora moluccensis hanging upside-down in its tent-web. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Tent-Web Spiders
Tent-Web Spiders (genus Cyrtophora) are found throughout eastern and tropical northern Australia, with three species often found in urban environments. The largest and most commonly encountered species, C. moluccensis, is abundant in backyards in eastern Queensland, including around Brisbane.
Spiders
Male Mopsus mormon. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Northern Green Jumping Spider
The Northern Green Jumping Spider (Mopsus mormon) is one of Australia’s largest jumping spiders, and a common resident of backyards in tropical climates, including around Brisbane. The spiders are green throughout their lives, but adult males and females exhibit strong sexual dimorphism, with males characterised by a pronounced fringe of white ‘whiskers’.
Spiders
Female Trichonephila plumipes in orb web. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Golden Orb-Weaving Spiders
The three species of Golden Orb-Weaving Spiders found in Queensland (in the genera Trichonephila and Nephila) are familiar denizens of urban environments throughout the state. The most commonly encountered species, Trichonephila plumipes, is abundant in backyards in eastern Queensland, including around Brisbane.
Spiders
Female Cyrtophora moluccensis hanging upside-down in its tent-web. © Queensland Museum, Jeff Wright. Common Garden Spiders
Spiders are ubiquitous in gardens, houses and urban environments throughout Queensland, and a wide variety of species can easily be found, especially in the eastern tropics and subtropics. The species accounts below highlight some of the more frequently encountered species in Queensland backyards.
Spiders
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